Connect with us

Uncategorized

Development and Environment: What is, what should be

Published

on

By- Sashank Sharma
Development, as we know it, is the cornerstone to a country’s rise to prominence. The fact that infrastructures, in today’s world, is an indicator of development of a nation, adds to its importance. With rapid urbanization and increasing demand for more, the balance that be, has become lopsided. Environmental issues are rapidly increasing as a consequence of development. People are becoming increasingly aware of these issues in the developed countries while on contraire, people in developing nation do not see its gravity. Inside any project lies a vast amount of environmental problems. After all, it is the common ground that we live in; everything is tangled in each other, none more so than environment and development.
Escalation of environmental movement owes its existence to a poem. “Silent Spring” by Rachel Carson in the 60’s sparked a movement that brought the matters of the environment to the limelight. After that, it grew like wildfire and nations across the world started formulating policies that ensure protection of the environment. The policies in this regard became the voice of the voiceless sentient being. After all, we along with 1.7 million species of beings share this common ground called earth. The figure is an estimate only, with this number expected to rise through discoveries, across the world. Furthermore, the issues of habitat destruction, habitat fragmentation, over hunting, disease, invasive species and recently climate change have thrown a gauntlet of trials for all the species out there in the world; the gauntlet of survival. It is an estimate that out of all the species that ever existed in the world, only 1% inhabits the globe. That is to say, extinction is a tangible prospect. Anything that ever lives will certainly die. But today, the rate of extinction of species is around 1000 times the background rate (the rate of extinction if human beings were not present). In a sense, our actions are now showing their effect, with rapid escalation of organisms of all sorts, being drafted into different categories of IUCN threat level.
This issue of wildlife is one of many aspects of the clash of environment and development. Pollution of all sorts is now reigning our world. Everything that we took for granted, clean air, clean water, clean soil and others are now facing the wrath of indiscriminate and haphazard development. Development in itself is not the problem, but the fact that educated people that run the developmental works seem so relaxed over solving these problems, that the only thing that they see in managing environment and safety is the provision for the workers to wear construction helmets. And in their blindness, the inevitability of structure failure happens due to carelessness in managing the environment. And they haven’t a clue as to what went wrong and how it could be solved and be avoided in the future.
In 1987, at Stockholm, a report called Brundtland report was commissioned which brought the agenda of Sustainable Development. In a nutshell, sustainability defines how well the resources that we have, are utilized. The idea of incorporating sustainability into developmental projects to ensure environmental quality was a revelation. With further discussions, the concept of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was introduced around the world to give substance to the idea of Sustainability. EIA is a scientific approach of scoping and identifying issues of physio-chemical, socio-economic and biological nature, the impacts that these receive due to the project and the mitigation and/or adaptive measures that need to be undertaken to ensure environmental quality. EIA rejects any projects that have the possibility to fail to at least keep the standards to how they were before the initiation of the project, meaning, the project must ensure or even better the existing environmental condition.
Nepal, through the formulation of Environment Protection Act, 1997 and Environmental Protection Rule, 1997, showed its promise of a better environment. Everything stated within these two polices are commendable. The provision of EIA and IEE (Initial Environment Examination) are well put and the procedures are well stated. But the actual scenario when it comes to implementing them comes out to be on the opposite extreme of what was promised. What really grinds my gear is the fact that people do not really have a grasp on how big the issues really are. With anthropogenic climate change already announcing itself on the centre stage, the issue of sustainable projects is a prospect that we can no longer ignore. It is a necessity rather than an option, for who in their right mind would first install all the furniture and accessories of the house rather than seeing to it that the house itself is built upon strong foundation? The relevancy of this anecdote with developmental projects is a reality that the people of today need to grasp.
Asian Development Bank, World Bank and EU are a few to name that strictly implement the issues of the environment and social nature into their contract with nations, where a project under their fund is being developed. Social and Environmental Safeguards are at the very core of any development projects. The legally binding contractual agreement sees to it that every stipulation stated in ADB-GON contract has been implemented.

With such advances in policies and supposed concern towards the environment, the only issue should have been of strict implementation and monitoring. And this has been the downfall of all the elaborately schemed policies. Ask anyone from Kathmandu about what is wrong with this city and most commonly, the answer is air pollution. The environmental standards set by the Government and even by World Health Organization is a thing of ridicule in this nation. Yes, climate change is upon us, and yes, the environment is changing rapidly. This doesn’t mean we don’t need development. In fact, we need it more than ever, but not the development that has been accustomed to in this nation. We need development that is sustainable with the environment, for as long as the environment is healthy, we will be healthy. And for as long as we treat the environment with ignorance, the environment will treat us with vengeance. 
The writer is an environmentalist, and currently works as an Environmental Expert at the proposed Gautam Buddha International Airport.

Advertisement
Click to comment

You must be logged in to post a comment Login

Leave a Reply

Knowledge & Infos

What’s Special Today: November 10

Published

on

Chhath:

Historically native to the Indian states of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand and the southern part of Nepal, Chhath is one of those festivals that transcends the caste system that exists in the society. According to the Hindu calendar, it is celebrated on the sixth day of the lunar month of Kartik. The Chhath Puja is a 4-day long ritual specially offered to the solar deity, Surya, to show thankfulness for good health, good life and to request the granting of some certain wishes.

Day 1: On the first day, the devotees after bathing clean their house and eat the food that is offered to the god to protect the mind from the vengeful tendency.

Day 2: On the second day, the devotees are not allowed to drink even a single drop of water but, in the evening, they eat kheer made up of jaggery, fruits.

Day 3: The evening of the third day which is also known as sandhya ‘arghya’ day where a bamboo basket is decorated with various puja materials, fruits, thekuwa, and laddus which are offered as an ‘argya’ to the Sun. Also, the Chhathi Maiya is worshipped.

Day 4: On the last day of Chhath puja again an arghya is offered to the Sun God but this time in the morning. The devotees go to the riverbank to offer arghya to the rising sun and break their fast and conclude their four-day long worship.

Happy Chhath to everyone! Don’t forget to enjoy some thekuwas!!

World Keratoconus Day:

Every year on November 10, World Keratoconus Day is celebrated to focus global attention on keratoconus and ectatic corneal disorders. The day was first celebrated by National Keratoconus Foundation.

Keratoconus is a disease that causes the cornea to become weak, leading to the thinning and stretching of the cornea, which may result in the loss of vision. Keratoconus is degeneration of the structure of the cornea. The shape of the cornea slowly changes from the normal round shape to a cone shape which affects the vision. The keratoconus mainly develops in teenagers and young adults and the disease keeps on growing, if not diagnosed in time.  

The disease has no prevention and no treatment. With early diagnosis, the disease can be managed and further damage can be protected. In Nepal, the prevalence of Keratoconus is 1 in 2000 according to the recent journal. So, this world keratoconus day, make a commitment to visit an eye doctor once a year for the early diagnosis of keratoconus as well as other eye diseases.

Continue Reading

Uncategorized

KMAG Online Writing Workshop reading materials

Published

on

Day 1

Covers communication and types of writing. Please check the following articles.

  1. What is communication and how to communicate effectively?
  2. Types of Writing

Also, check out: How miscommunication happens (and how to avoid it)

Day 2

Covers content management system/WordPress, and how to introduce yourself. Please check the following articles.

  1. What is WordPress and How to work in WordPress
  2. How to introduce yourself.

Day 3-5

Covers the basics of expository writing and CV writing.

Day 6

Covers persuasive writing.Please check the following articles.

  1. HOW TO WRITE AN OP-ED: A STEP BY STEP GUIDE
  2. Handout of video class.

Day 7-9

Covers how to write research-based opinion writing.

  1. How to frame an argument
  2. How to write an opinion piece

Day 10

Personal journal writing (my diary)

Day 11-13

Figure of speech and rhetoric.

Day 14-16

How to frame questions.

  1. Art of questioning

Continue Reading

Uncategorized

Types of Figure of Speech with examples (Part 1)

Published

on

By

Accumulation

Accumulation is a figure of speech, in which the points made previously are presented again in a compact, forceful manner. It often employs the use of climax in the summation of a speech.

Examples:

  1. We learned communication, we learned types of writing, we learned rhetoric, we learned figure of speech. In all this, we made new friends, we spent hours together.
  2. He founded Nepal; fought for unification, fought for diversity. Leaving wife and child home, he set to occupy the land of people, land of flowers and trees. And he built a country that we call Nepal.
  3. Your organization, your vigilance, your devotion to duty, your zeal for the cause must be raised to the highest intensity.” Winston Churchill, Speech, 14 July 1941. (This sentence comes after a lengthy passage in which Churchill warns the public that their courage and effort are still needed to defeat the enemy).

Adomination

A figure of speech that refers to the repetition of words with the same root word.

Examples:

  1. I will be somewhere, someday, settled with somebody in some place.
  2. I am nobody, reaching no where in this no man’s land.
  3. In the vastness of universe, I am vastly clueless.

Alliteration

A literary stylistic device, where a series of words in a row have the same first consonant sound.

Examples:

  1. Nepalese never nag about Nepal not nationalising.
  2. Looks like lion likes licking lizard.
  3. Come count my comb.

Adynaton

A figure of speech in the form of hyperbole taken to such extreme lengths as to insinuate a complete impossibility.

Examples:

  1. I will meet you when sun rises from west.
  2. Before I finish the work, I will grow a horn.
  3. Stone will talk but she won’t.

Anacoluthon

Derives from the Greek word anakolouthon, literally means “lacking sequence”, is a figure of speech which consists in the abrupt disruption in syntax. Opens in new window resulting from two non-parallel grammatical constructions.

Examples:

  1. I am hungry – have you never played football?
  2. I miss the burgher at – did you see my daughter?
  3. Never in my life – what’s in your mind?

Anadiplosis

The repetition of the last word of a preceding clause. The word is used at the end of a sentence and then used again at the beginning of the next sentence..

Examples:

  1. It’s midnight. Midnight with stars. Stars with the moon. Moon looking at my window. Window hiding me.
  2. “Fear leads to angerAnger leads to hateHate leads to suffering.”
  3. “Your beliefs become your thoughtsyour thoughts become your words, your words become your actions, your actions become your habits, your habits become your values, your values become your destiny.”

Anaphora

A rhetorical device that consists of repeating a sequence of words at the beginnings of neighboring clauses, thereby lending them emphasis.

Examples:

  1. When you felt like giving up, when you felt like crying, when you felt like hitting the wall, just do it.
  2. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way
  3. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.’ I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state, sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today.

Anastrophe

A figure of speech in which the normal word order of the subject, the verb, and the object is changed.

Examples:

  1. Instead of I like Nepal, “Nepal I like.”
  2. World I want to change.
  3. I, her will keep loving till the end

Anti-Climax

It is when a specific point, expectations are raised, everything is built-up and then suddenly something boring or disappointing happens.

Examples:

  1. He killed the king, freed the people, and took the sword and killed himself.
  2. People, pets, batteries, … all are dead.
  3. He loved her so much …he killed her.

Anthimeria

is the usage of a word in a new grammatical form, most often the usage of a noun as a verb.

Examples:

  1. Can you please google to find out the meaning of “anthimeria”? (google is actually noun)
  2. The thunder would not peace at my bidding.
  3. Let’s do some eating. (verb being used as noun)

Antimetabole

the repetition of words in successive clauses, but in transposed order.

Examples:

  1. Eat to live, not live to eat
  2. All crime is vulgar, just as all vulgarity is crime.
  3. Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.

Antistrophe

The repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive phrases, clauses or sentences.

Examples:

  1. There is no Negro problem. There is no Southern problem. There is no Northern problem. There is only an American problem.
  2. When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things.
  3. Nepal is beautiful. Nepalese are beautiful. Her style is beautiful. Her heart is beautiful.

Antithesis

is used in writing or speech either as a proposition that contrasts with or reverses some previously mentioned proposition, or when two opposites are introduced together for contrasting effect.

Examples:

  1. I am rich man who longs for a poverty.
  2. When in war, we long for peace; when in peace, we long for war.
  3. Let’s play with the fire to feel the rain.

Aphorismus

It often appears in the form of a rhetorical question which is meant to imply a difference between the present thing being discussed and the general notion of the subject. Statement that calls into question the definition of a word.

Examples:

  1. You eat meat and you call yourself animal lover?.
  2. How can you call this country a peaceful country when everywhere is chaos?.
  3. How am I even a writer with this kind of writing?

Aposiopesis

A figure of speech wherein a sentence is deliberately broken off and left unfinished, the ending to be supplied by the imagination, giving an impression of unwillingness or inability to continue.

Examples:

  1. Please leave my home or else – !.
  2. I want to go home now. If not.
  3. And she left with. I don’t even want to share.

Apposition

Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side and so one element identifies the other in a different way.

Examples:

  1. Nepal, my home, is where I want to die.
  2. My brother, Mr. Suresh, is joining me.
  3. Mr. Oli, a famous politician, is giving a speech.

Assonance

Repetition of vowel sounds

Examples:

  1. Reave, please leave.
  2. Hire and fire.
  3. Write so bright that it will frighten right.

ASTEISMUS (not needed but know it anyway)

he rhetorical term for achieving polite or soft mockery whereby the replier catches a sensitive word and redirects it back to the interlocutor with an unexpected twist. Example:

  • Judge: You’re charged with vagrancy. Are you guilty or not guilty?
    Ollie: Not guilty, Your Highness.
    Judge: On what grounds?
    Stan: We weren’t on the grounds. We were sleeping on the park bench.

Asyndeton

A literary scheme in which one or several conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of related clauses.

Examples:

  1. He ran, he climbed, he conquered .
  2. I wanted to participate, i made it.
  3. Government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.

Cataphora

Co-reference of one expression with another expression which follows it, in which the latter defines the first. 

Examples:

  1. If you want to eat something, there is pizza in the freeze.
  2. If you want her, she is Ms. Lisa.
  3. He is an idiot. He is a douche. He is lazy. He is my friend, Nishant.

Climax

a figure of speech in which words, phrases, or clauses are arranged in order of increasing importance. Or say, a figure of speech in which successive words, phrases, clauses, or sentences are arranged in ascending order of importance, as in “Look! Up in the sky! It’s a bird! It’s a plane! It’s Superman!”

Examples:

  1. When there is job, when there is peace, and when there is love, happiness occurs.
  2. We want freedom, liberty and democracy.
  3. Men and women are equal, but above, it’s the responsibility.

Continue Reading

Trending