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An excellent Canadian 2-part miniseries that explores Adolf Hitler’s rise and his early consolidation of power during the years after the First World War and focuses on how the embittered, politically fragmented and economically buffeted state of German society following the war made that ascent possible.

Hitler’s rise and fall: Timeline

20 April 1889 (Birth)

Adolf Hitler was born on April 20th in Braunau am Inn in the empire of Austria-Hungary.

His parents’ families were from poor peasant backgrounds. His father, Alois, regarded as strict and distant, became  a customs official and expected Adolf to follow a career into the civil service.  Hitler’s mother, Klara, was known to be of a more compassionate nature, adoring and indulging her son.

At the age of six Adolf attended school and while clearly intelligent, he was uninterested in formal education, eventually leaving with a poor educational record of achievement.

The death of his father when Adolf was 13, which released the pressure on him to get a job working for the civil service, Adolf was sable to pursue his preferred choice of study, that of art.  He attended art school and regarded himself as an artist, absorbing diverse cultural influences, the opera, theater, reading and drawing.

1907 (Adulthood)

Hitler moved to Vienna at age 18 with the aim of attending the Vienna Academy of Art, but his application was rejected. His disappointment was compounded by his failure to also get into the Vienna School of Architecture due to his inability to provide a school leaving certificate.

For next 6 years (until 1913), without any means of money, Hitler struggled to survive in Vienna, living in a men’s hostel.  He used to sell postcards which he’s drawn, of famous sights, and used to undertake a series of menial jobs, to earn money and survive.

During this period of poverty, Hitler engaged in much political activity, attending meetings, absorbing political newspapers and literature.

By this time, he was 24 years old.

1913 (Age 24)

He joined military service for the Habsburg Empire. the monarch of German at that time.  It is said that he joined the army to move to Munich in Southern Germany.

At the outbreak of the First World War, Hitler volunteered for service in the German army and joined the 16th Barvarian Reserve Infantry Regiment.  He distinguished himself in service, being promoted to corporal and decorated with the Iron Cross for services as a runner on the western front.

World War I went on for 4 years, until 1918.  In 1918, Hitler got badly injured causing temporary blindness due to a British gas attack in Ypres Salient.  He returned to his regiment in Munich, later in the year.  By this time, he was 29 years old.

1919 (Age 30)

Hitler was appointed to the Intelligence/Propaganda section where he would undertake political training. His activities involved making speeches to the troops advocating German nationalism and anti-Socialism, where he developed further his oratory skills.

He also acted as an army informer, spying on small political parties. He joined the German Workers’ Party, an extreme anti-communist, anti-Semitic right wing organisation during that time.

1920 (Entry to Politics)

Hitler was discharged from the army.  He joined German Worker’s Party where he undertook responsibility for publicity and propaganda. He changed the party’s name to the National Socialist German Workers Party, (or Nazi for short).  The party represented a combination of intense hatred for the politicians who they considered had dishonoured Germany by signing the Versailles Treaty and exploiting local grievances against a weak federal government.


Hitler challenged Anton Drexler to become leader of the Nazi party. After initial resistance, Drexler agreed and Hitler becomes the new leader of the party.  He was 32 years old by this time.

1923 (Age 34)

Along with other right wing factions and General Ludendorff, he attempted to overthrow the Bavarian government with an armed uprising.  The event became known as The Beer Hall Putsch. H itler and 2000 Nazi’s march through Munich to the Beer Hall, to take over a meeting chaired by three of the most important individuals in Bavarian politics.

The following day, the Nazis marched in the streets, the police opened fire.  Hitler escaped but was captured.  He was tried for treason and served 9 months in Landsberg prison.  It was during his imprisonment that he began dictating his thoughts to Rudolf Hess, which emerged in the book Mein Kampf (my struggle).  It was a mixture of autobiography, political ideology, and an examination of the techniques of propaganda.

After out from the prison and short break from politics, Hitler re-founded the Nazi Party in 1925.

1925-1930 (Age 35-40)

Next 5 years of Hitler’s life revolved around strengthening his party, his personal life, and other usual life affairs.  By this time, Hitler was already 41 and his party was gaining momentum and so his political career.

In General election in September 1930, His party, Nazi Party, increased its representatives in parliament from 14 to 107.  Hitler was now the leader of the second largest party in Germany.


Hitler challenged Paul von Hindenburg for the presidency, but failed as he could not stand for election since he was not a German citizen.


At age 43, Hitler became a German citizen—enabling him to stand in the Presidential election against Hindenburg.

1933 (Age 44)

Hitler became chancellor of a coalition government, where the Nazis had a third of the seats in the parliament.  One year from then, in February 1933, the parliament was destroyed by fire.  The plot and execution was almost certainly due to the Nazis but they pointed the finger at the communists and triggered a General Election.

After one month, in March 1933, “Enabling Act” passed with which powers of legislation passed to Hitler’s cabinet for four years, making him virtual dictator.

During this time, he banned Communist party, socialist, trade unions, and banned protests and strikes.   By June 1934, he eliminated almost all his rivals.  He was 45 years old by this time.

In July 1934, German president Hindenburg died and Hitler became “Fuehrer and Reich Chancellor” and abolished the title of President.

1935-1938 (Age 46-49)

With full control over Germany, next 3 years he spent in strengthening military power with the aim of undoing the Treaty of Versailles and uniting all the German peoples.  In March 1938, the Austrian Chancellor, leader of the Austrian Nazi Party, invited the German army to occupy Austria and proclaimed a union with Germany.  In September 1938, British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain met Hitler in Germany.  Britain, France and Italy signed the Munich Agreement which gave the Sudetenland (the German populated borderlands of Czechoslavakia), to Germany.

In November 1938, what is historically referred to as Crystal Night, 7500 Jewish shops were destroyed and 400 synagogues were burnt. The attack was portrayed as a spontaneous reaction to the death of a German diplomat by a Jewish refugee in Paris.  It was actually orchestrated by the Nazi party who also killed many Jews and sent 20,000 to concentration camps.

Hitler and World War II

1939 (Age 50)

Hitler invaded Poland on September 1st and after 3 weeks of lightning war or ‘Blitzkrieg,’ the country was divided between Russia and Germany.  On September 3rd, France, Britain, Australia, and New Zealand declared war on Germany.


The Nazis occupied Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France.  Romania and Yugoslavia were invaded.  In June 1941, Germany attacked Russia, ignoring the peace pact.  Operation Barbarossa, The German invasion of Russia begun.  Meanwhile, in December 1941, Japanese Air Force attacked Pearl Harbour and war was declared on the US, that dragged US into World War II, which otherwise was quiet until now.

In February 1943, Germans surrendered in the battle of Stalingrad. From this point in the war, Germany was continually retreating.

In January 1945, Soviet troops entered Nazi Germany and took over it.

Hitler decided to stay in Berlin to the last.

On 26 April 1945, Berlin completely besieged by the Soviet Army Fronts of Marshals Koniev and Zhukov.

Hitler’s Death

30 April 1945

(AGE 56)

Hitler commits suicide with his wife of two days, Eva Braun; their bodies are believed to have been cremated.

SourceOpen Edu

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Wajah – Live acoustic performance

This soul-soothing live acoustic performance by Piyush Bhisekar in Delhi NCR is a perfect treat for his fans, who otherwise never had a chance of seeing him perform live.



This soul-soothing live acoustic performance by Piyush Bhisekar in Delhi NCR is a perfect treat for his fans, who otherwise never had a chance of seeing him perform live.

Piyush Bhisekar is an Indian Indie musician, singer and songwriter.Wajah is a song by Indian singer-songwriter Piyush Bhisekar from his debut extended play Hai Bharosa released in 2018. The song was written and composed by the singer himself.

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Knowledge & Infos

How miscommunication happens (and how to avoid it)

Don’t assume that your perception is the objective truth



Katherine Hampsten, a speaker, author, and teacher focused on organizational communication and work/life optimization, has an interesting TED video available on youtube where she talks about how miscommunication happens. This article is written based on the view shared in the video.

Have you ever talked with a friend about a problem only to realize that he just doesn’t seem to grasp why the issue is so important to you? Have you ever presented an idea to a group and it is met with utter confusion? Or maybe you’ve been in an argument when the other person suddenly accuses you of not listening to what they’re saying at all? What’s going on here?

Katherine Hampsten, the speaker of TED-Ed tries to put forward the views of miscommunication starting with the most common and situational questions as stated above. As mentioned in the TED-Ed video, the answer to those questions is ultimately miscommunication, which in some form or another, we’ve all experienced it. It can lead to confusion, animosity, misunderstanding, or even crashing a multimillion-dollar probe into the surface of Mars. Interestingly, the fact is, even when conversing with another person face-to-face, in the very same room, and speaking the same language, human communication is incredibly complex.

We can’t deny the fact Hampsten stated in the video as miscommunication happens every day. For instance, an employee of one reputed organization straightforwardly mentioned working way too much for the benefits that have been given to him; however, he simply meant being undervalued and underpraised for the work that he has been performing. And, while trying to make it more clear the situation turned out more complex. This is a cyclical process, it keeps revolving. We just require to figure out the loopholes and solve them accordingly.

With that being said, there’s definitely good news. According to Hampsten, a basic understanding of what happens when we communicate can help us prevent miscommunication. For decades, researchers have asked, “What happens when we communicate?”One interpretation, called the transmission model, views communication as a message that moves directly from one person to another, similar to someone tossing a ball and walking away. But in reality, this simplistic model doesn’t account for communication’s complexity. It enters the transactional model, which acknowledges the many added challenges of communicating. With this model, it’s more accurate to think of communication between people as a game of catch. As we communicate our message, we receive feedback from the other party.

As clearly stated through the thoughts above, communication be it verbal or non-verbal is something that transfers ones’ feelings and ideas to another. Nothing sounds and seems challenging yet it is an individual’s way of perceiving the thoughts that arouse difficulties.

In the opinion of the speaker, through the transaction, we create meaning together. But from this exchange, further complications arise. It’s not like the Star Trek universe, where some characters can Vulcan mind-meld, fully sharing thoughts and feelings. As humans, we can’t help but send and receive messages through our own subjective lenses. When communicating, one person expresses her interpretation of a message, and the person she’s communicating with hears his own interpretation of that message.

We humans have been bounded by distinct thoughts and ways of viewing our surroundings, all that comes about as a result of how and where we have been brought up. In continuation, our perceptual filters continually shift meanings and interpretations. Remember that game of catch? Imagine it with a lump of clay. As each person touches it, they shape it to fit their own unique perceptions based on any number of variables, like knowledge or past experience, age, race, gender, ethnicity, religion, or family background. Simultaneously, every person interprets the message they receive based on their relationship with the other person, and their unique understanding of the semantics and connotations of the exact words being used. They could also be distracted by other stimuli, such as traffic or a growling stomach. Even emotion might cloud their understanding, and by adding more people into a conversation, each with their own subjectivities, the complexity of communication grows exponentially. So as the lump of clay goes back and forth from one person to another, reworked, reshaped, and always changing, it’s no wonder our messages sometimes turn into a mush of miscommunication.

But, luckily, there are some simple practices that can help us all navigate our daily interactions for better communication. One, recognize that passive hearing and active listening are not the same. Engage actively with the verbal and nonverbal feedback of others, and adjust your message to facilitate greater understanding. Two, listen with your eyes and ears, as well as with your gut. Remember that communication is more than just words. Three, take time to understand as you try to be understood. In the rush to express ourselves, it’s easy to forget that communication is a two-way street. Be open to what the other person might say. And finally, four, be aware of your personal perceptual filters. Elements of your experience, including your culture, community, and family, influence how you see the world. Say, “This is how I see the problem, but how do you see it?

When we try and implement simple but useful practices in our daily behavior the complexities that arise while communicating just sets back and everything around feels easy.

With that Hampsten in the video concludes by stating, “Don’t assume that your perception is the objective truth.” It will help everyone work toward sharing a dialogue with others to reach a common understanding together.

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The Hero – The Bollywood story

A short-film that feels like 2-hour long Bollywood for good.



We have watched lots of Bollywood films and series touching upon the theme of struggle of middle-class man to find a recognition in Bollywood. This short-movie“The Hero – The Bollywood story” is also in around the similar story line about a man who once was aspired to make his name and fame through Bollywood but could not because of his personal obligation and circumstances.

It is an Google India sponsored short film starring Vicky Kaushal,notable Bollywood actor, just risen up from the fame of critically acclaimed movie Masan and Sanju, in the role of Son; Morali Desai, notable Gujarati actress, and Nandu Madhav, a notable Marathi actor, in the role as dad. This short film has tried touching the emotional dynamic of father-son relationship and has tried beautifully depict how a man’s dream never really dies even long after the dream is forgotten.

The story starts with the son talking with his mom about his job in Mumbai and how he wanted both their parents to come visit him. Then mom told him about the time when his father went to Mumbai to be an actor and somehow landed upon a small role in a movie too. She talked about his father’s aspiration and dream but how he was forced to return back home since his father insisted him to get back to home leaving his budding career in Bollywood. Listening to the story and moved by the fact that his father’s dream could not be fulfilled then, the son with the help of Google search system found out the details about the movie his father played a role in. To surprise his dad, he plans a trip to the shooting location and takes him there to give a taste of joy from the past and his unfulfilled dream.

With the simple plot revolving around the man in his late 50s/60s, who once dreamt of making big in Bollywood and how his family pressure ruined his dream but despite how after many years the son motivated him to get feel his desired life through short trips around the country was depicted quite nicely in it. The casts were phenomenal too, with Vicky Kaushal again flaunting his impeccable acting skills and so Mr. Nandu Madhav as dad.

Sound is spot on throughout the scene, with touch of sad music when mom is telling her son about shattered dream of his father and when they reach the location where Sholay was shot, we get to hear the cheerful Bollywood music. With lyrics from legendary lyricist Amitabh Bhattacharya, this 5-minute actually feels like watching 2 hours of Bollywood movie.

Some annoying parts to me in this movie is it the direct push ad of Google making experience bit cringe, but hey! they sponsored for this beautiful short film, so deserve the discount.

Anyway, overall it is worth investing 5 minutes of your life over this short film. Loved it!


Hey KMAG Readers,

Glad to see you here. Since you are here, don’t forget to drop your email address. We want to surprise you.

Much love and regards,

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