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The stories behind the places

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Image via Siraj Ahmad

Every place got its name for some reason. There is always a story behind that present generation may not know, so we asked KMAG followers to share the story behind the name of their place. We got the following stories, which may or may not be true but sounds convincing.

Birtamod

It used to be the turning for going towards Birta Bazaar, so people started calling it Birta Jane Mod , turning point to Birta Bazaar, giving birth to the name Birtamod.

Chobhar

Its name came from the bahals (Bahal is a type of courtyard found amongst Newar communities in Nepal.) surrounding the Lokeshwor Adinath Temple at the top of the hill. In Newa language, bahals at the top is called “chwaye bahal’. So, the original name of is Chwaye Bahal, that people later mispronounced and called Chobhar.

Ghattekulo

There used to be a water mill down there. Hence, people started calling it Ghattekulo.

Battisputali

There were 32 stone statue of butterflies (angels) placed inside the inner walls of Ram Mandir, which led to the place being called Battisputali.

Babarmahal

There was the palace of Babar Shamsher there, so people started calling the place Babarmahal.

Lalbandi

This place was previously terrorized by a robber named “Lale,”and he was captured and kept inside the jungle. Later, when people had to go to that place, they started referring to it as “Tyo Lale bandi bhako thau” (the place lale was captured), which later changed to Lalbandi as the short term.

Maitighar

This place got its name changed from its original one because of a huge poster of the film “maitighar” being placed there. It caused the people to call the place as Maitighar itself.

Baglung

There are multiple stories to this place.

  1. In Sanskrit language, “Vyagra” meant “Baagh” and “Lunatiti” meant “Luna”, which is defined as cutting/chopping. At one point in history, this place was full of dangerous tigers (Baagh), which was terrorizing the lives of people living there. So, a group of strong Magar men from the community started killing the tigers to keep the place safe. Since the intention was to clear the place of tigers, the name of the place became “Vyagra Luna” which later mispronounced to “Baglung”
  2. “Bagh” is also a common word in Khas language and “Lung” means a line. Since there were many tigers walking around in the areas in lines, the place got named “Baghlung” which later was mispronounced to “Baglung”
  3. In Magar language, “Wag” means high lands while “Lung” means flat spaces. If we look at the geographical space of Baglung, it has some high hills and some flat spaces. Hence, the word “Baglung” may refer to high and flat spaces combined.

Ghorahi

The name for this place was initially “ghodhai” because of the large amount of horses found there. Later, with the passage of time, it became known as Ghorahi.

Bajhapatan, Pokhara

Some 20 years earlier, before Seti Gandaki Hydro Project, the land was barren and nothing except Ground Nuts used to grow there. Hence Barren = “Bajho” which later changed to Bajha and the name of the place became Bajhapatan.

Mangalbare, Jhapa

The place was named Mangalbare after the weekly market, which used to happen every Tuesday (Mangalbaar).

Chipledhunga, Pokhara

A huge stone lies on the main bazar, which used to be very slippery. Hence the name was derived of “Chiple” (Slippery) and Stone “Dhunga”.

Tamghas, Gulmi

At one point in history, on top of Arjun Daada, there was a palace of a really cruel king. He used to rule his people with extreme taxation and rules such as sending the first harvest to the king — a part of everything like meat, alcohol etc were to be given to the king before the people could eat it. Not only that, he made it mandatory for newly wed brides to spend their first night at his palace. The rule was not limited to his citizens only, but to every wedding party that passed in the way.

One day, a Brahman from Dhurkot was passing with his wedding party (janti) and newly wed wife from the same way, where he was ordered to send his new bride to the palace. He obliged and took his wedding party to stay the night at the foothills of Arjun Daada, which is currently known as Sota Deurali. But, his bride was suspicious of the intentions of the king, so she collected some cow dung and made two “kundas”, filled one with cow milk and another kunda with Resunga’s water. There, she proclaimed that “If anything happens in the palace with me that compromises my truthfulness or character, I will die and these kundas will be filled with blood. If nothing happens, I shall return and the kunda will have milk and water only.” Saying that, she left for the palace.

Next morning, both the kundas were filled with blood. The wedding party called the locals and showed them the kundas, asking what’s happened there. The locals went to the palace to search for the bride, and found her dead. Upon asking the security guards of the palace, they were informed that the bride had put some curse on both the oppressive king and his people who were allowing him to oppress them before she died. That message was relayed by the locals to the wedding party and the Brahmin. Upon learning that his bride was no more, the Brahmin also cursed the king and his followers by saying ” From now on, no one who lives here or rules here shall ever be able to drink milk in the morning, the Thakuri kings who ruled here will have all there heredity destroyed, no one who rears horses here shall prosper” and he also died. The wedding party and the locals could only watch the “tamasha” of him dying, without being able to do much.

The locals realized the atrocities of the king had been done to their wives also, who could only stay silent in his fear. That angered the locals and they killed the king. Since kings were considered a reincarnation of lord Vishnu, when the news was spread to other kingdoms, it was called as a “tamasha” that happened.

That day on, the place became known as “tamasha”, which later was mispronounced to “Tamash” and now is called “Tamghas”

Till date, there are two temples: one where the bride died at Arjun Daada and another at the place the groom died. To avoid the curse of the bride and the groom, to this day, newly wed couples worship in the temples.

Jomsom

Jomsom comes from two words: “Dzong” meaning fort and “Sampa” meaning new. From mispronounciation, it later became known as Jomsom.

Aathrai, Tehrathum

Long ago, eight powerful Rai Kings used to rule the place. Aath = Eight, Aathrai. Although the majority of population there is of Limbus, the name has stuck at Aathari.

Baneshwor

Name came from historic temple of “Badeshwor Mahadev” located in the area, that the area later be called Baneshwor.

Dillibazar

Dillibazar was named after Dilli Jung Thapa, the engineer who designed Charkhal Adda, which is also the state penitentiary.

Sinamangal

Everyone knows that after Prithvi Narayan Shah invaded Kathmandu, he cut the nose of most (or all) who fought in the Malla army. The site where he did was Sinamangal, present day Pepsicola area now known as Purano Sinamangal. “Sinaya” in Newari means nose. They also erected a temple to worship the god of nose, apparently.

PN Shah also gave lands to his entourage who followed him from Gorkha, mostly Brahmin cooks and errand force, at what is now the western side of TIA. That area along with the present day Airport was called “Gauchar” because after the war for unification, those settlers adopted cow herding as their profession and the present day airport had lush greenery to provide fodder for cows.

Eventually century later when the Airport was built there, those people living on the lands occupying present day airport were given lands at the present day Sinamangal (also robbing cows from their fodder), areas around Kathmandu medical College to Bhatkeko pul and hence airport separated old and new Sinamangal.

Banepa

Some of the ancient names of Banepa were Banepur, Baniyapur, Banipur . As it had trade relationship with Tibet from ancient period, Banepa is also known as “Bhont”, “Bhonta”, “Bhon dey(भोंदेय्)”. Banepa is the combination of two words i.e. “Bane” means ‘Business’ and “Pa” means ‘Place’. Therefore, “Banepa” means ‘Place of Business’.

Hallanchowk, Lakeside

People who owned land there sold it in a cheap price and they spent the money to drink alcohol. After that, they used to walk around the area while drunk, fumbling and high. So, that junction was given name ‘Hallan chowk’

Kavrepalanchok

This place was named as the junction of two hills: Kavre hill and Palanchowk hill.

Gothatar

There was a palace of Jagat Jung Rana (son of Junga bahadur) and he had a big cow shed (goth) there in a rice field (taar), so it was called Gothatar.

Sunargaon

Sunars(goldsmiths) lived here in the village (gaun) hence the name Sunargaon!

Katari

Katari is the name of a weapon used to cut wood/ wood log for furniture purpose. Two rivers “Tara” and “Kakaru” pass by the place, which give the shape of weapon “katari”, hence the name.

Chhetrapati

This place was initially called Chhatrapati after the umbrella (chatra) shaped “paati” present there. Later, chhatrapati became mispronounced to Chhetrapati.

Manik Path, Dharan

A kind-hearted person named Manik Shrestha donated most of his private land to make path for main road. So, to honor and acknowledge his contribution, members of community welfare named it as ‘Manik Path.’

Nuwakot

In between Trishuli river and Taadi River, there used to be 9 forts (kots) in the 9 hills, namely Dhaibungkot, Dhadingkot, Ramkot, Firkepkot, Salyankot, Bhairabkot, Malakot, Belkot and Simalkot. A new fort was created at the center of all these forts, which led to its name being “Nawa kot”, i.e. new fort, which was later mispronounced as Nuwakot.

Dhobikhola

The river’s actual name is Rudramati, but because dhobis (people who used to do laundry) used the riverbank for laundry work, so the river was named as “Dhobikhola”

Gorkha

The name Gorkha comes from “Gau” (Cow) + rakha (Rakshak), i.e. protector of the cows. It is believed that Lord Shiva in the form of Lord Gorakhnath himself trained Prithvi Narayan Shah and his army to protect cows, hence the name.

Chitwan

There are several theories on the origin of the name Chitwan:

  • 1. The name Chitwan is a composite of the Sanskrit words चित्त, transliterated “citta” meaning heart, and वन, transliterated “vana” meaning jungle or forest. Thus, the meaning of Chitwan is Heart of the Jungle.
  • 2. Chitwan was a dense forest ruled by the Tharu God-King Chitrasen Baba, thought to an incarnation of Vishnu. Today, the Tharu worship his idol during HariBodhini Ekadashi in Chitrasari en route to the village of Sauraha. Ban (वन) is the local word for a forest, according to this theory, the area was called Chitra Ban (Chitrasen’s forest) which then became Chitwan.
  • 3. The Chitwan forests were populated by leopards and Bengal tigers and, since the Tharu term for a leopard is Chitra, the area became Chitwan.

Disclaimer: The above information is collected from KMAG community. All of them may or may not hold the truth. If there is any false information or alternative story on any place listed above, please write us at [email protected]. You can as well send us stories on more places that we have missed out in this article, so that we can add them in the list.

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Knowledge & Infos

What is Plasma donation and what is it for ?

A simple explanation about plasma therapy for commoners

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What is plasma

Our blood has plasma and blood cells. Plasma is liquid, blood cells are red blood cells, white blood cells (that produces antibodies) and platelets. Plasma is the liquid that has essential protein. The protein is extracted, collected and adjusted and used to treat people with immune deficiency disorder of same kind.

How does it work?

Antibodies developed against disease if completely recovered can be found in plasma, so it’s donated to any other person with same blood group affected with same disease to strengthen immune system and defeat the disease.

To put it in a perspective, blood donated by people who’ve recovered from COVID-19 has antibodies to the virus that causes it. The donated blood is processed to remove blood cells, leaving behind liquid (plasma) and antibodies. These can be given to people with COVID-19 with same blood group to boost their ability to fight the virus.

NOTE: Donating plasma is a bit more complicated than donating Blood, takes longer, blood is drawn out and cycled back to your body while plasma is extracted from it. Takes about 45 minutes to an hour unlike few minutes in case of blood donation.

In another words

When you are infected with any disease, your body produces antibodies to fight with the disease. So it is known that whenever you recover from a disease completely, your body will have developed some kind of antibodies from the experience that your immune system got attacked last time, so this time we know what it is so, even if it enters the body, we are already equipped to fight it. So in Covid-19 case, the recovered patients might have developed some kind of specific antibodies to stop the attack. So plasma donation is the process where the blood of a person who has already recover from lets say covid-19 is given to the current sick covid-19 patients in the hope that recovered person’s antibodies might help in the recovery of the sick person. Also, vaccines works on the same process. Our vaccines contains some type of similar virus like covid-19 which if injected should be harmless. But in the process, the body recognizes such type of new virus so it alerts the body to produce new antibodies that are capable of fighting them the next time. So when we are infected with covid-19 virus, the antibody kicks in because it’s similar to the last infection therefore stopping it before hand. So after vaccination, we are immune to that disease. Although, it isn’t sure that plasma donation in the case of covid-19 works. But still, it might.

The above answers are gathered from a KMAG Page on same title. We only have compiled them together to form this article.

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Knowledge & Infos

Explained: Murder of John Lennon

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On the evening of 8 December 1980, English musician John Lennon, was fatally shot in the archway of the Dakota, his residence in New York City by a 25-year-old Beatles fan, Mark David Champan, who had travelled from Hawaii to shot John Lennon. Chapman planned the killing over the course of several months and waited for Lennon at the Dakota on the morning of 8 December.

Reason

Chapman stated that he was angered by Lennon’s lifestyle and public statements, especially his much-publicized remark about the Beatles being “more popular than Jesus” and the lyrics of his later songs “God” and “Imagine”. Chapman also said he was inspired by the fictional character Holden Caulfield from J. D. Salinger’s 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye.

I would listen to this music and I would get angry at him, for saying [in the song “God”] that he didn’t believe in God, that he just believed in him and Yoko, and that he didn’t believe in the Beatles. This was another thing that angered me, even though this record had been done at least ten years previously. I just wanted to scream out loud, “Who does he think he is, saying these things about God and heaven and the Beatles?” Saying that he doesn’t believe in Jesus and things like that. At that point, my mind was going through a total blackness of anger and rage. So I brought the Lennon book home, into this The Catcher in the Rye milieu where my mindset is Holden Caulfield and anti-phoniness.

According to Chapman’s wife ,Gloria, “He was angry that Lennon would preach love and peace but yet have millions”. Chapman later said: “He told us to imagine no possessions and there he was, with millions of dollars and yachts and farms and country estates, laughing at people like me who had believed the lies and bought the records and built a big part of their lives around his music.” He also recalled having listened to Lennon’s solo albums in the weeks before the murder.

Chapman now, however, states that, he was young then and was foolish and selfish and was seeking self glory by killing the famous man.

Murder Scene Explained

Chapman planned the killing over the course of several months and waited for Lennon at the Dakota on the morning of 8 December. During the evening, he met Lennon, who signed his copy of the album Double Fantasy. Lennon left with his wife, Yoko Ono, for a recording session at Record Plant Studio. Later that night, Lennon and Ono returned to the Dakota. As Lennon and Ono walked towards the archway entrance of the building, Chapman fired five hollow-point bullets from a .38 special revolver, four of which hit Lennon in the back. Chapman then removed his coat and hat in preparation for the arrival of police—to show he was not carrying any concealed weapons—and remained standing on West 72nd Street. Underneath his coat, he wore a promotional T-shirt for the musician Todd Rundgren’s album Hermit of Mink Hollow. Perdomo shouted at Chapman, “Do you know what you’ve done?”, to which Chapman calmly replied, “Yes, I just shot John Lennon.” Chapman remained at the scene reading “The Catcher in the Rye” until he was arrested by the police.

Lennon was rushed in a police cruiser to Roosevelt Hospital, where he was pronounced dead on arrival.

The West 72nd Street entrance to the Dakota, where Lennon was shot

About Mark David Chapman

Mark David Chapman was born on May 10, 1955, in Fort Worth, Texas. By the time he was 14, Chapman was using drugs and skipping classes. He once ran away from home to live on the streets of Atlanta for two weeks. He said he was bullied at school because he was not a good athlete.

Mark David Chapman, now a 65-year-old man, is an American criminal who murdered John Lennon. More than a dozen psychologists and psychiatrists interviewed Chapman in the six months prior to his trial—three for the prosecution, six for the defense, and several more on behalf of the court—and they conducted a battery of standard diagnostic procedures and more than 200 hours of clinical interviews. All six defense experts concluded that Chapman was psychotic; five diagnosed paranoid schizophrenia, while the sixth felt that his symptoms were more consistent with manic depression.

Chapman is in the Family Reunion Program and is allowed one conjugal visit a year with his wife, since he accepted solitary confinement. The program allows him to spend up to 48 hours alone with his wife in a specially built prison home. He also gets occasional visits from his sister, clergy, and a few friends.

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Knowledge & Infos

Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Surgery)

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Our human face is composed of various small functional and cosmetic units. One of them is our eyes. Eyes serve both as functional (a sensory organ of sight) and cosmetic (it is used to express emotions and do eye contact), so one can say that eyes play a vital role in both your functionality and beauty.

So, it’s not surprising that people get worried when the areas around their eyes face unwanted changes like drooping eyelids or saggy eye bags, since the area around the eyes play equal role in both aesthetic and functional value. To solve the woes of eyelids, there is a surgical option called Blepharoplasty, which is the surgery around the eyelid area, which might be helpful to those seeking to remedy it.

What is Blepharoplasty?

Blepharoplasty, simply explained, is the plastic surgery operation for correcting defects, deformities, and disfigurations of the eyelids; and for aesthetically modifying the eye region of the face. Medically, according to the Indian Journal of Opthamology, it is a surgical procedure in which the eyelid skin, orbicularis oculi muscle, and orbital fat are excised, redraped, or sculpted to rejuvenate the aesthetic look of the patient along with correction of any functional abnormality.

Why is Blepharoplasty done?

According to WebMD, as skin ages, it gradually loses its elasticity. A lack of elasticity plus the constant pull from gravity causes excess skin to collect on the upper and lower eyelids.
Excess skin on the lower eyelid causes wrinkles and bulges. On the upper eyelids, an extra fold of skin can hang over the eyelashes and get in the way of seeing.

So, Blepharoplasty is done to remove excess skin from the upper eyelids and reduce bagginess from the lower eyelids. It can be done for cosmetic reasons, i.e. to enhance the aesthetic look of an individual or it can to done to improve eyesight of people for whom the hanging eyelid causes partial visual impairment (usually on the elderly population)

Before and After

As you can see in the image below the visible difference from before and after comparison.

Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty) - Health Tourism OnlineHealth Tourism Online

Should I get Blepharoplasty?

If baggy eyelids or droopy eyelids run in your family, or droopy eyelids are giving you trouble in your vision or you simply want to enhance your aesthetic appearance of the eyes, you may consult with a plastic surgeon to discuss your options. Usually, if you are in good health, you can go ahead with the procedure.

What are the risks?

Blepharoplasty, like all other surgeries, carry some risks, but due to the advancement of medical technology, all the risks are either temporary or easily mitigated. However, talk to your doctor to determine if any other factor increases the risk in your case.
Some of the risks include:

  • Infection and bleeding
  • Dry, irritated eyes
  • Difficulty closing your eyes or other eyelid problems
  • Noticeable scarring
  • Injury to eye muscles
  • Skin discoloration
  • The need for a follow-up surgery
  • Temporarily blurred vision or, rarely, loss of eyesight
  • Risks associated with surgery in general, including reaction to anesthesia and blood clots

All these risks can be mitigated and Blepharoplasty is considered safe in general.

If you are thinking of getting Blepharoplasty done, you may book a consult at AAVARAN skin Clinic or use their app to move ahead with the process.

Sponsor of this post is Aavaran Skin and Hair Clinic located at Durbarmarg, Kathmandu, which is known for professional Botox treatment in Nepal through certified doctors. We have collaborated with Aavaran Skin and Hair Clinic in creating informative contents as part of our mission of creating an informed society.

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