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Knowledge & Infos

What is bail and why it is in practice

Since many seem confused about what is bail and why it is granted, reason and logic behind, which is creating more confusion and mistrust, we created this informative article to give a fundamental understanding on the topic.

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If you believe in rule of law, you must be ready to live by the principles on which rule of law is founded upon.

You must have come across news like:

“Salman Khan gets bail in Blackbuck Poaching case”
” Corruption-charged politician is out of jail after paying the bail”
“Man accused in fatal drunk-driving case released on bail”

And, if you have ever felt anything like “shit! criminals are just walking out paying money. No law for rich…only for poor,” then you really need to read this. Glad you are here.

What is Bail

In simple term, Bail is the conditional release of a defendant (accused person) with the promise to appear in court when required.

To understand, concept of bail, you must first understand Rule of Law. In rule of law, everyone is innocent until proven guilty. Just because a news said Salman Khan killed a Blackbuck does not mean he is to be imprisoned immediately without a court trial. Even if someone is caught red hand taking a bribe, still no one but the court to tell if was a corruption or not.

So, generally speaking, the procedure is, when someone is accused of an offence or crime, a case is lodged in police station. Then, the police comes and takes the accused one to custody, from where he will be taken to the court for a trial.

Well, court trial is a long process. More complex the case is, more lengthy it will get. Moreover, court has many pending cases and while lining up in the cue, it may take quite sometime to settle the case. So the question comes, should the accused one be locked till the case is not settled or let the accused one be trialed by putting in a followup.

The main concern comes thereafter, what if the defendant (accused one) does not show up once freed? What if the person absconds from the trial? That is why the bail bond. Bail bond is a deposit of money or some form of property to the court by the suspect in return for the release from pre-trial detention.

So when you hear the news like “Person A is released paying the bail of 5 lakhs,” understand that he/she didn’t really got freed by paying money but rather was only bailed out. He/she still has to go through the trial and once proven guilty, has to serve the imprisonment per the law.

Why the Bail

An accused person is not necessarily guilty. Just because someone has accused you of a corruption, it does not necessarily mean to be true, same with many other charges. Now think of a real world. A man with a job is charged of corruption. Is it justifiable to lock him behind a bar forever until he is not proven innocent? What about his job? He may have wife and children at home, what about them? It may take 6 months to settle the case. What if he is proven innocent? Who gonna give him back his job that he lost for being absent for so long, the pain and struggle that wife and children had to bear?

World is not just about Salman Khan or a corrupted politician or rich dad’s son. It has all kind of people with their own struggle, own story, and world is not always fair. That is WHY THE BAIL SYSTEM. If a person is guilty, anyway s/he will be put behind the bar after the judgement is announced. Until then why make them suffer or their family, make them lose their job or cost them heavy, which would be hard to compensate if proven not guilty.

Now, understand this. Law is for everyone. You cannot make one law for poor and one for rich or one for common people and another for celebrity. Likewise, bail as a law cannot be different for rich and poor, or common people and celebrity. “Oh he is celebrity, let’s not give him a bail.” It does not work that way and is not fair.

We get to hear mostly rich people or celebrity getting released on bail because they make a news and not ordinary people. In reality though, bail is also granted for ordinary people.

For this reasoning, bail is a fundamental rights granted by constitution in many countries like Canada.

When the bail is not given

There are also certain cases and crimes which are nonbailable, like for example rape, first-degree murder, terrorism, etc.

Who grants the bail and when

Judge grants the bail after hearing the plead and if the defendant demonstrates compelling reasons why bail should be granted. Bail bond amount depends on person to person, case to case, and the gravity of the situation. Like for example, George Floyd murder suspect Derek Chauvin has bail set at $1.25m.

The decision lies solely on a judge. In the case of Prithvi Malla, defendant first reached to Kathmandu District Court pleading for bail but judge didn’t grant the bail. Then the party appealed in Patan High Court and there too was denied. Then they went to Supreme Court and that’s when joint bench of Sapana Malla Pradhan and Manoj Sharma granted the bail. You see, judge can deny but can appeal to higher court until the supreme court.

Does this only happen in Nepal

Obviously no. The practice came from English law, which later became worldwide.

If you just google bail and search news, you can see lots of news related to bail.

In short

Bail does not mean judiciary selling out itself for the money. It neither means case is over nor means the accused one set free or proven innocent. It only means, instead of being detained on mere accusation, let the accused one to fight the case from outside, while carrying out his daily activities of living and doing his duties. If s/he is proven guilty after the fair trial, s/he will any way serve the imprisonment per the law. Until then why detain if judge is convinced that s/he will not abscond, will comply with the process, and will not interfere with the witnesses, and will not commit further offence.

Hope, you are clear and hence don’t think fishy or conspiracy just because a news said “released on bail.” If you really want to raise your voice, raise a voice on why it takes so much time to settle a case. That should be your real concern against judiciary and not the bail. Bail is a beautiful concept.

This article has only tried to give you a fundamental understanding on what is bail, why it is in practice, the reason and importance, and how it works. With this, we are sure you can research more in depth and have more better and deeper understanding so that you don’t cry foul next time just like that.

If you believe in rule of law, you must be ready to live by the principles on which rule of law is founded upon.

Do it only if you meant it.
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Knowledge & Infos

What is Plasma donation and what is it for ?

A simple explanation about plasma therapy for commoners

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What is plasma

Our blood has plasma and blood cells. Plasma is liquid, blood cells are red blood cells, white blood cells (that produces antibodies) and platelets. Plasma is the liquid that has essential protein. The protein is extracted, collected and adjusted and used to treat people with immune deficiency disorder of same kind.

How does it work?

Antibodies developed against disease if completely recovered can be found in plasma, so it’s donated to any other person with same blood group affected with same disease to strengthen immune system and defeat the disease.

To put it in a perspective, blood donated by people who’ve recovered from COVID-19 has antibodies to the virus that causes it. The donated blood is processed to remove blood cells, leaving behind liquid (plasma) and antibodies. These can be given to people with COVID-19 with same blood group to boost their ability to fight the virus.

NOTE: Donating plasma is a bit more complicated than donating Blood, takes longer, blood is drawn out and cycled back to your body while plasma is extracted from it. Takes about 45 minutes to an hour unlike few minutes in case of blood donation.

In another words

When you are infected with any disease, your body produces antibodies to fight with the disease. So it is known that whenever you recover from a disease completely, your body will have developed some kind of antibodies from the experience that your immune system got attacked last time, so this time we know what it is so, even if it enters the body, we are already equipped to fight it. So in Covid-19 case, the recovered patients might have developed some kind of specific antibodies to stop the attack. So plasma donation is the process where the blood of a person who has already recover from lets say covid-19 is given to the current sick covid-19 patients in the hope that recovered person’s antibodies might help in the recovery of the sick person. Also, vaccines works on the same process. Our vaccines contains some type of similar virus like covid-19 which if injected should be harmless. But in the process, the body recognizes such type of new virus so it alerts the body to produce new antibodies that are capable of fighting them the next time. So when we are infected with covid-19 virus, the antibody kicks in because it’s similar to the last infection therefore stopping it before hand. So after vaccination, we are immune to that disease. Although, it isn’t sure that plasma donation in the case of covid-19 works. But still, it might.

The above answers are gathered from a KMAG Page on same title. We only have compiled them together to form this article.

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Knowledge & Infos

Explained: Murder of John Lennon

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On the evening of 8 December 1980, English musician John Lennon, was fatally shot in the archway of the Dakota, his residence in New York City by a 25-year-old Beatles fan, Mark David Champan, who had travelled from Hawaii to shot John Lennon. Chapman planned the killing over the course of several months and waited for Lennon at the Dakota on the morning of 8 December.

Reason

Chapman stated that he was angered by Lennon’s lifestyle and public statements, especially his much-publicized remark about the Beatles being “more popular than Jesus” and the lyrics of his later songs “God” and “Imagine”. Chapman also said he was inspired by the fictional character Holden Caulfield from J. D. Salinger’s 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye.

I would listen to this music and I would get angry at him, for saying [in the song “God”] that he didn’t believe in God, that he just believed in him and Yoko, and that he didn’t believe in the Beatles. This was another thing that angered me, even though this record had been done at least ten years previously. I just wanted to scream out loud, “Who does he think he is, saying these things about God and heaven and the Beatles?” Saying that he doesn’t believe in Jesus and things like that. At that point, my mind was going through a total blackness of anger and rage. So I brought the Lennon book home, into this The Catcher in the Rye milieu where my mindset is Holden Caulfield and anti-phoniness.

According to Chapman’s wife ,Gloria, “He was angry that Lennon would preach love and peace but yet have millions”. Chapman later said: “He told us to imagine no possessions and there he was, with millions of dollars and yachts and farms and country estates, laughing at people like me who had believed the lies and bought the records and built a big part of their lives around his music.” He also recalled having listened to Lennon’s solo albums in the weeks before the murder.

Chapman now, however, states that, he was young then and was foolish and selfish and was seeking self glory by killing the famous man.

Murder Scene Explained

Chapman planned the killing over the course of several months and waited for Lennon at the Dakota on the morning of 8 December. During the evening, he met Lennon, who signed his copy of the album Double Fantasy. Lennon left with his wife, Yoko Ono, for a recording session at Record Plant Studio. Later that night, Lennon and Ono returned to the Dakota. As Lennon and Ono walked towards the archway entrance of the building, Chapman fired five hollow-point bullets from a .38 special revolver, four of which hit Lennon in the back. Chapman then removed his coat and hat in preparation for the arrival of police—to show he was not carrying any concealed weapons—and remained standing on West 72nd Street. Underneath his coat, he wore a promotional T-shirt for the musician Todd Rundgren’s album Hermit of Mink Hollow. Perdomo shouted at Chapman, “Do you know what you’ve done?”, to which Chapman calmly replied, “Yes, I just shot John Lennon.” Chapman remained at the scene reading “The Catcher in the Rye” until he was arrested by the police.

Lennon was rushed in a police cruiser to Roosevelt Hospital, where he was pronounced dead on arrival.

The West 72nd Street entrance to the Dakota, where Lennon was shot

About Mark David Chapman

Mark David Chapman was born on May 10, 1955, in Fort Worth, Texas. By the time he was 14, Chapman was using drugs and skipping classes. He once ran away from home to live on the streets of Atlanta for two weeks. He said he was bullied at school because he was not a good athlete.

Mark David Chapman, now a 65-year-old man, is an American criminal who murdered John Lennon. More than a dozen psychologists and psychiatrists interviewed Chapman in the six months prior to his trial—three for the prosecution, six for the defense, and several more on behalf of the court—and they conducted a battery of standard diagnostic procedures and more than 200 hours of clinical interviews. All six defense experts concluded that Chapman was psychotic; five diagnosed paranoid schizophrenia, while the sixth felt that his symptoms were more consistent with manic depression.

Chapman is in the Family Reunion Program and is allowed one conjugal visit a year with his wife, since he accepted solitary confinement. The program allows him to spend up to 48 hours alone with his wife in a specially built prison home. He also gets occasional visits from his sister, clergy, and a few friends.

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Knowledge & Infos

Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Surgery)

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Our human face is composed of various small functional and cosmetic units. One of them is our eyes. Eyes serve both as functional (a sensory organ of sight) and cosmetic (it is used to express emotions and do eye contact), so one can say that eyes play a vital role in both your functionality and beauty.

So, it’s not surprising that people get worried when the areas around their eyes face unwanted changes like drooping eyelids or saggy eye bags, since the area around the eyes play equal role in both aesthetic and functional value. To solve the woes of eyelids, there is a surgical option called Blepharoplasty, which is the surgery around the eyelid area, which might be helpful to those seeking to remedy it.

What is Blepharoplasty?

Blepharoplasty, simply explained, is the plastic surgery operation for correcting defects, deformities, and disfigurations of the eyelids; and for aesthetically modifying the eye region of the face. Medically, according to the Indian Journal of Opthamology, it is a surgical procedure in which the eyelid skin, orbicularis oculi muscle, and orbital fat are excised, redraped, or sculpted to rejuvenate the aesthetic look of the patient along with correction of any functional abnormality.

Why is Blepharoplasty done?

According to WebMD, as skin ages, it gradually loses its elasticity. A lack of elasticity plus the constant pull from gravity causes excess skin to collect on the upper and lower eyelids.
Excess skin on the lower eyelid causes wrinkles and bulges. On the upper eyelids, an extra fold of skin can hang over the eyelashes and get in the way of seeing.

So, Blepharoplasty is done to remove excess skin from the upper eyelids and reduce bagginess from the lower eyelids. It can be done for cosmetic reasons, i.e. to enhance the aesthetic look of an individual or it can to done to improve eyesight of people for whom the hanging eyelid causes partial visual impairment (usually on the elderly population)

Before and After

As you can see in the image below the visible difference from before and after comparison.

Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty) - Health Tourism OnlineHealth Tourism Online

Should I get Blepharoplasty?

If baggy eyelids or droopy eyelids run in your family, or droopy eyelids are giving you trouble in your vision or you simply want to enhance your aesthetic appearance of the eyes, you may consult with a plastic surgeon to discuss your options. Usually, if you are in good health, you can go ahead with the procedure.

What are the risks?

Blepharoplasty, like all other surgeries, carry some risks, but due to the advancement of medical technology, all the risks are either temporary or easily mitigated. However, talk to your doctor to determine if any other factor increases the risk in your case.
Some of the risks include:

  • Infection and bleeding
  • Dry, irritated eyes
  • Difficulty closing your eyes or other eyelid problems
  • Noticeable scarring
  • Injury to eye muscles
  • Skin discoloration
  • The need for a follow-up surgery
  • Temporarily blurred vision or, rarely, loss of eyesight
  • Risks associated with surgery in general, including reaction to anesthesia and blood clots

All these risks can be mitigated and Blepharoplasty is considered safe in general.

If you are thinking of getting Blepharoplasty done, you may book a consult at AAVARAN skin Clinic or use their app to move ahead with the process.

Sponsor of this post is Aavaran Skin and Hair Clinic located at Durbarmarg, Kathmandu, which is known for professional Botox treatment in Nepal through certified doctors. We have collaborated with Aavaran Skin and Hair Clinic in creating informative contents as part of our mission of creating an informed society.

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