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Knowledge & Infos

What is WordPress and How to work in WordPress



A website is a collection of web pages and related content that is identified by a common domain name. Example, Whatever you see in this website is nothing but collection of web pages. Let’s compare it with a paper magazine to understand better.

A paper magazine has a cover page, where you can see what all are there inside the magazine. In website, the cover page is called home page or landing page. In paper magazine, you turn over the page to look inside. In website, you click on TITLE or READ MORE, which takes you to the content page. So website is basically going through one page to another through clicks.

Before a paper magazine comes in the market to be available for you, hell lot of work from writing, designing, printing, were done in a closed room. Likewise, before a content is available on website for others to view, there is a process and work that happens behind the website that includes making of web pages, designing titles, placing images, etc, which traditionally used to be done through coding, but with advancement of web technologies, a machine-like web application was built where you can put your writing, images, titles and ready-to-view content would appear. That machine-like web application is called Content Management System (CMS).

Building a content management system costs money. Not everyone can pay huge amount to build a website. and BOOM! WordPress was born to be free available for anyone. WordPress is a free and open-source content management system, the machine where you put all your words and pictures and videos and stuffs and get a feel good, look good page to view.

That’s the non-geeky description of how website works and what is content management system, with which you know have a basic clue about what is wordpress. As you start working in, you will understand further more, so let’s get in.


I assume you already have signed up and got your user ID and Password. So I will jump straight to login.

That’s the login page. Put your username and password and press Log In, and there you go.

There are too many things there that you will learn and understand as you begin working. For now, just learn to create post.

Take your mouse to that “+New”

You will see something like this:

CLICK POST and with that, you will get this window:

Again, there are too many things here but don’t worry, you will learn step by step and as you practice, you will understand each thing and its usage and purpose.

ADD TITLE: This is self explanatory. It’s a title to your article or post.
Start writing or type…..: This is also self explanatory. Start writing from here.

Saw that small black box with + sign like thing there? that is the tool for you to add image, quote, video, embedded links, etc in your article.

When you are writing something, you can see something a box like with B I up arrow, down arrow, etc. If you are familiar with MS Word or anything like that, you probably have guessed it right.

The first box is to “change block type or style.” It includes heading, list, quote, group, paragraph, etc.

Second one is “Move Up/Down” arrow key, by clicking which, your selected block will move up or down from its current position. Try out to learn what that means..

Third one is “to change text alignment” –whether to align text left, center, or right. Try out to learn what that means.

B I need not be explained I guess. It’s bold and italic.

The gunpoint like icon next to I is used to insert link in your content. Like for example, you needed to say in your article, “Trump wanted to raise tax for middle class,” then you must provide your reference right? so how you generally write is, “according to a news published by New York Times, Trump wanted to raise tax for middle class.” So as a reader, I would prefer you providing link rather than making me to google to validate. Likewise, sometimes you may say “In my earlier post, I had talked about….” but how would readers know what’s in earlier post? So it’s your duty to provide link in your article. That’s when you use that gunpoint like tool.

Select the sentence or words that you want to insert a link in, then lick that gunpoint-like icon.

A box will pop up to insert a link. Put a link, and hit the Submit (An arrow like icon)

The last box with three dots have other miscellaneous functions. Give a look and you shall figure out on your own.

Before we jump into another section, first practice thoroughly whatever you have learned so far.

Assignment: Finish writing an article.


In class I, you have learned how to begin with your first article. I assume you have finished writing your first article, making proper use of available tools for heading, bold, quotes, and images, etc. Now, let’s see how it will look once published.

Can you see the preview button, in between publish and save draft ? Yes, that’s where you click to see how your article would look once published. Click preview and then click “preview in new tab”

Publish is to publish your article, which unless you don’t have common sense, you don’t need to be told when to hit that button.

Save draft is to save your work as a draft to continue later.

The Israel flag like button is setting icon that if you click you can see list of things you can play around. Nevermind, you don’t really need to know anything about for now.

What’s important to know is this

There are two things, DOCUMENT and BLOCK. Let’s begin from Document.

Status & Visibility:

Visibility: How do you want your post to be? Click and you will get options: Public, private, password protected.
Publish: When do you want to publish your post? Immediately or select a date and time.
Post Format: Is your post photo-only post, or video post or article-like post? Select accordingly.
Pending Review: Check this box if you need to send your article for review.
Author: Who wrote the article? You can select your name or that of your organisation.
Move to trash: Want to delete your post? That’s where you click.

Permalink: This will be to check name of your post link. Like for example, for this post, the link is WordPress automatically gives a name to your post but you can choose your style in URL Slug.

Categories: Which category rightly define your post? If it is News, select news. If it is Opinion, select opinion. If it is Infos and Knowledge, select that. If none of the available categories suit your post, ADD NEW CATEGORY.

Tags: Keywords that suits your post like, Nepali Song, Covid 19, etc. It’s like Instagram Hashtag, clicking which will take you to list of posts from the website with those words.

Featured Image: What image do you want to set as a featured image to your post? Click set featured image. You will have two options: One is to upload and another is to select from Media library. Do what works best for you.

Excerpt: It’s like a one-liner description about your post. What is your post about, write here.

There are few more things in document, but this much is enough to know for now to start.

Let’s go to block.

Actually, every paragraph works like a separate block. So, block is to customize each block if you want to , like in terms of fonts, colors, etc. Try it out for change once in a while or when you are asked to.

That’s it!!

With this much of knowledge, you are all set to publish your first article. Good luck

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Knowledge & Infos

What is Plasma donation and what is it for ?

A simple explanation about plasma therapy for commoners



What is plasma

Our blood has plasma and blood cells. Plasma is liquid, blood cells are red blood cells, white blood cells (that produces antibodies) and platelets. Plasma is the liquid that has essential protein. The protein is extracted, collected and adjusted and used to treat people with immune deficiency disorder of same kind.

How does it work?

Antibodies developed against disease if completely recovered can be found in plasma, so it’s donated to any other person with same blood group affected with same disease to strengthen immune system and defeat the disease.

To put it in a perspective, blood donated by people who’ve recovered from COVID-19 has antibodies to the virus that causes it. The donated blood is processed to remove blood cells, leaving behind liquid (plasma) and antibodies. These can be given to people with COVID-19 with same blood group to boost their ability to fight the virus.

NOTE: Donating plasma is a bit more complicated than donating Blood, takes longer, blood is drawn out and cycled back to your body while plasma is extracted from it. Takes about 45 minutes to an hour unlike few minutes in case of blood donation.

In another words

When you are infected with any disease, your body produces antibodies to fight with the disease. So it is known that whenever you recover from a disease completely, your body will have developed some kind of antibodies from the experience that your immune system got attacked last time, so this time we know what it is so, even if it enters the body, we are already equipped to fight it. So in Covid-19 case, the recovered patients might have developed some kind of specific antibodies to stop the attack. So plasma donation is the process where the blood of a person who has already recover from lets say covid-19 is given to the current sick covid-19 patients in the hope that recovered person’s antibodies might help in the recovery of the sick person. Also, vaccines works on the same process. Our vaccines contains some type of similar virus like covid-19 which if injected should be harmless. But in the process, the body recognizes such type of new virus so it alerts the body to produce new antibodies that are capable of fighting them the next time. So when we are infected with covid-19 virus, the antibody kicks in because it’s similar to the last infection therefore stopping it before hand. So after vaccination, we are immune to that disease. Although, it isn’t sure that plasma donation in the case of covid-19 works. But still, it might.

The above answers are gathered from a KMAG Page on same title. We only have compiled them together to form this article.

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Knowledge & Infos

Explained: Murder of John Lennon



On the evening of 8 December 1980, English musician John Lennon, was fatally shot in the archway of the Dakota, his residence in New York City by a 25-year-old Beatles fan, Mark David Champan, who had travelled from Hawaii to shot John Lennon. Chapman planned the killing over the course of several months and waited for Lennon at the Dakota on the morning of 8 December.


Chapman stated that he was angered by Lennon’s lifestyle and public statements, especially his much-publicized remark about the Beatles being “more popular than Jesus” and the lyrics of his later songs “God” and “Imagine”. Chapman also said he was inspired by the fictional character Holden Caulfield from J. D. Salinger’s 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye.

I would listen to this music and I would get angry at him, for saying [in the song “God”] that he didn’t believe in God, that he just believed in him and Yoko, and that he didn’t believe in the Beatles. This was another thing that angered me, even though this record had been done at least ten years previously. I just wanted to scream out loud, “Who does he think he is, saying these things about God and heaven and the Beatles?” Saying that he doesn’t believe in Jesus and things like that. At that point, my mind was going through a total blackness of anger and rage. So I brought the Lennon book home, into this The Catcher in the Rye milieu where my mindset is Holden Caulfield and anti-phoniness.

According to Chapman’s wife ,Gloria, “He was angry that Lennon would preach love and peace but yet have millions”. Chapman later said: “He told us to imagine no possessions and there he was, with millions of dollars and yachts and farms and country estates, laughing at people like me who had believed the lies and bought the records and built a big part of their lives around his music.” He also recalled having listened to Lennon’s solo albums in the weeks before the murder.

Chapman now, however, states that, he was young then and was foolish and selfish and was seeking self glory by killing the famous man.

Murder Scene Explained

Chapman planned the killing over the course of several months and waited for Lennon at the Dakota on the morning of 8 December. During the evening, he met Lennon, who signed his copy of the album Double Fantasy. Lennon left with his wife, Yoko Ono, for a recording session at Record Plant Studio. Later that night, Lennon and Ono returned to the Dakota. As Lennon and Ono walked towards the archway entrance of the building, Chapman fired five hollow-point bullets from a .38 special revolver, four of which hit Lennon in the back. Chapman then removed his coat and hat in preparation for the arrival of police—to show he was not carrying any concealed weapons—and remained standing on West 72nd Street. Underneath his coat, he wore a promotional T-shirt for the musician Todd Rundgren’s album Hermit of Mink Hollow. Perdomo shouted at Chapman, “Do you know what you’ve done?”, to which Chapman calmly replied, “Yes, I just shot John Lennon.” Chapman remained at the scene reading “The Catcher in the Rye” until he was arrested by the police.

Lennon was rushed in a police cruiser to Roosevelt Hospital, where he was pronounced dead on arrival.

The West 72nd Street entrance to the Dakota, where Lennon was shot

About Mark David Chapman

Mark David Chapman was born on May 10, 1955, in Fort Worth, Texas. By the time he was 14, Chapman was using drugs and skipping classes. He once ran away from home to live on the streets of Atlanta for two weeks. He said he was bullied at school because he was not a good athlete.

Mark David Chapman, now a 65-year-old man, is an American criminal who murdered John Lennon. More than a dozen psychologists and psychiatrists interviewed Chapman in the six months prior to his trial—three for the prosecution, six for the defense, and several more on behalf of the court—and they conducted a battery of standard diagnostic procedures and more than 200 hours of clinical interviews. All six defense experts concluded that Chapman was psychotic; five diagnosed paranoid schizophrenia, while the sixth felt that his symptoms were more consistent with manic depression.

Chapman is in the Family Reunion Program and is allowed one conjugal visit a year with his wife, since he accepted solitary confinement. The program allows him to spend up to 48 hours alone with his wife in a specially built prison home. He also gets occasional visits from his sister, clergy, and a few friends.

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Knowledge & Infos

Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Surgery)



Our human face is composed of various small functional and cosmetic units. One of them is our eyes. Eyes serve both as functional (a sensory organ of sight) and cosmetic (it is used to express emotions and do eye contact), so one can say that eyes play a vital role in both your functionality and beauty.

So, it’s not surprising that people get worried when the areas around their eyes face unwanted changes like drooping eyelids or saggy eye bags, since the area around the eyes play equal role in both aesthetic and functional value. To solve the woes of eyelids, there is a surgical option called Blepharoplasty, which is the surgery around the eyelid area, which might be helpful to those seeking to remedy it.

What is Blepharoplasty?

Blepharoplasty, simply explained, is the plastic surgery operation for correcting defects, deformities, and disfigurations of the eyelids; and for aesthetically modifying the eye region of the face. Medically, according to the Indian Journal of Opthamology, it is a surgical procedure in which the eyelid skin, orbicularis oculi muscle, and orbital fat are excised, redraped, or sculpted to rejuvenate the aesthetic look of the patient along with correction of any functional abnormality.

Why is Blepharoplasty done?

According to WebMD, as skin ages, it gradually loses its elasticity. A lack of elasticity plus the constant pull from gravity causes excess skin to collect on the upper and lower eyelids.
Excess skin on the lower eyelid causes wrinkles and bulges. On the upper eyelids, an extra fold of skin can hang over the eyelashes and get in the way of seeing.

So, Blepharoplasty is done to remove excess skin from the upper eyelids and reduce bagginess from the lower eyelids. It can be done for cosmetic reasons, i.e. to enhance the aesthetic look of an individual or it can to done to improve eyesight of people for whom the hanging eyelid causes partial visual impairment (usually on the elderly population)

Before and After

As you can see in the image below the visible difference from before and after comparison.

Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty) - Health Tourism OnlineHealth Tourism Online

Should I get Blepharoplasty?

If baggy eyelids or droopy eyelids run in your family, or droopy eyelids are giving you trouble in your vision or you simply want to enhance your aesthetic appearance of the eyes, you may consult with a plastic surgeon to discuss your options. Usually, if you are in good health, you can go ahead with the procedure.

What are the risks?

Blepharoplasty, like all other surgeries, carry some risks, but due to the advancement of medical technology, all the risks are either temporary or easily mitigated. However, talk to your doctor to determine if any other factor increases the risk in your case.
Some of the risks include:

  • Infection and bleeding
  • Dry, irritated eyes
  • Difficulty closing your eyes or other eyelid problems
  • Noticeable scarring
  • Injury to eye muscles
  • Skin discoloration
  • The need for a follow-up surgery
  • Temporarily blurred vision or, rarely, loss of eyesight
  • Risks associated with surgery in general, including reaction to anesthesia and blood clots

All these risks can be mitigated and Blepharoplasty is considered safe in general.

If you are thinking of getting Blepharoplasty done, you may book a consult at AAVARAN skin Clinic or use their app to move ahead with the process.

Sponsor of this post is Aavaran Skin and Hair Clinic located at Durbarmarg, Kathmandu, which is known for professional Botox treatment in Nepal through certified doctors. We have collaborated with Aavaran Skin and Hair Clinic in creating informative contents as part of our mission of creating an informed society.

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