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Knowledge & Infos

What is WordPress and How to work in WordPress



A website is a collection of web pages and related content that is identified by a common domain name. For example, Whatever you see on this website is nothing but a collection of web pages. Let’s compare it with a paper magazine to understand better.

A paper magazine has a cover page, where you can see what all are there inside the magazine. On the website, the cover page is called the home page or landing page. In the paper magazine, you turn over the page to look inside. On the website, you click on TITLE or READ MORE, which takes you to the content page. So a website is basically going from one page to another through clicks.

Before a paper magazine comes in the market to be available for you, a hell lot of work from writing, designing, printing, was done in a closed room. Likewise, before content is available on a website for others to view, there is a process and work that happens behind the website that includes making of web pages, designing titles, placing images, etc, which traditionally used to be done through coding, but with the advancement of web technologies, a machine-like web application was built where you can put your writing, images, titles and ready-to-view content would appear. That machine-like web application is called Content Management System (CMS).

Building a content management system costs money. Not everyone can pay a huge amount to build a website. and BOOM! WordPress was born to be freely available for anyone. WordPress is a free and open-source content management system, the machine where you put all your words and pictures and videos and stuff and get a feel-good, look good page to view.

That’s the non-geeky description of how a website works and what is a content management system, with which you know have a basic clue about what is WordPress. As you start working in, you will understand furthermore, so let’s get in.

What is WordPress?

WordPress is one of the most popular content management systems. A content management system is a tool that helps you to create a website, and manage and modify the content in it with little or even zero knowledge of coding. So, you need not spend hours learning about coding or paying a hefty sum to a developer to create a website for you. You can easily create your website on WordPress- from blogs to e-commerce stores to portfolios, you name it all.

History of WordPress

Created by Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little in 2003, WordPress was originally used as a blogging platform. Now, it isn’t just limited to blogging. Users like you can create any type of website according to your purpose. WordPress has evolved over time and with over 500+ contributors at the moment, it will continue to evolve further.

Currently, 42 percent of the website uses WordPress. So, make it your go-to account to create your website. Big names such as BBC America, The New Yorker, Beyonce, Katy Perry, Star Wars, Bloomberg Professional, Walt Disney, and others were created using WordPress. This speaks a volume of their popularity.


I assume you already have signed up and got your user ID and Password. So I will jump straight to login.

That’s the login page. Put your username and password and press Log In, and there you go.

There are too many things there that you will learn and understand as you begin working. For now, just learn to create post.

Take your mouse to that “+New”

You will see something like this:

CLICK POST and with that, you will get this window:

Again, there are too many things here but don’t worry, you will learn step by step and as you practice, you will understand each thing and its usage and purpose.

ADD TITLE: This is self-explanatory. It’s a title to your article or post.
Start writing or type…..: This is also self explanatory. Start writing from here.

Saw that small black box with + sign like thing there? that is the tool for you to add images, quote, videos, embedded links, etc in your article.

When you are writing something, you can see something a box like with B I up arrow, down arrow, etc. If you are familiar with MS Word or anything like that, you probably have guessed it right.

The first box is to “change block type or style.” It includes a heading, list, quote, group, paragraph, etc.

The second one is the “Move Up/Down” arrow key, by clicking which, your selected block will move up or down from its current position. Try out to learn what that means..

Third one is “to change text alignment” –whether to align text left, center, or right. Try out to learn what that means.

B I need not be explained I guess. It’s bold and italic.

The gunpoint like icon next to I is used to insert link in your content. Like for example, you needed to say in your article, “Trump wanted to raise tax for the middle class,” then you must provide your reference right? so how you generally write is, “according to a news published by New York Times, Trump wanted to raise tax for middle class.” So as a reader, I would prefer you providing link rather than making me to google to validate. Likewise, sometimes you may say “In my earlier post, I had talked about….” but how would readers know what’s in earlier post? So it’s your duty to provide link in your article. That’s when you use that gunpoint-like tool.

Select the sentence or words that you want to insert a link in, then lick that gunpoint-like icon.

A box will pop up to insert a link. Put a link, and hit the Submit (An arrow like icon)

The last box with three dots have other miscellaneous functions. Give a look and you shall figure out on your own.

Before we jump into another section, first practice thoroughly whatever you have learned so far.

Assignment: Finish writing an article.


In class I, you have learned how to begin with your first article. I assume you have finished writing your first article, making proper use of available tools for heading, bold, quotes, and images, etc. Now, let’s see how it will look once published.

Can you see the preview button, in between publish and save draft ? Yes, that’s where you click to see how your article would look once published. Click preview and then click “preview in new tab”

Publish is to publish your article, which unless you don’t have common sense, you don’t need to be told when to hit that button.

Save draft is to save your work as a draft to continue later.

The Israel flag like button is setting icon that if you click you can see list of things you can play around. Nevermind, you don’t really need to know anything about for now.

What’s important to know is this

There are two things, DOCUMENT and BLOCK. Let’s begin from Document.

Status & Visibility:

Visibility: How do you want your post to be? Click and you will get options: Public, private, password protected.
Publish: When do you want to publish your post? Immediately or select a date and time.
Post Format: Is your post photo-only post, or video post or article-like post? Select accordingly.
Pending Review: Check this box if you need to send your article for review.
Author: Who wrote the article? You can select your name or that of your organisation.
Move to trash: Want to delete your post? That’s where you click.

Permalink: This will be to check name of your post link. Like for example, for this post, the link is WordPress automatically gives a name to your post but you can choose your style in URL Slug.

Categories: Which category rightly define your post? If it is News, select news. If it is Opinion, select opinion. If it is Infos and Knowledge, select that. If none of the available categories suit your post, ADD NEW CATEGORY.

Tags: Keywords that suits your post like, Nepali Song, Covid 19, etc. It’s like Instagram Hashtag, clicking which will take you to list of posts from the website with those words.

Featured Image: What image do you want to set as a featured image to your post? Click set featured image. You will have two options: One is to upload and another is to select from Media library. Do what works best for you.

Excerpt: It’s like a one-liner description about your post. What is your post about, write here.

There are few more things in document, but this much is enough to know for now to start.

Let’s go to block.

Actually, every paragraph works like a separate block. So, block is to customize each block if you want to , like in terms of fonts, colors, etc. Try it out for change once in a while or when you are asked to.

That’s it!!

With this much of knowledge, you are all set to publish your first article. Good luck

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Knowledge & Infos

What’s Special Today: November 10




Historically native to the Indian states of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand and the southern part of Nepal, Chhath is one of those festivals that transcends the caste system that exists in the society. According to the Hindu calendar, it is celebrated on the sixth day of the lunar month of Kartik. The Chhath Puja is a 4-day long ritual specially offered to the solar deity, Surya, to show thankfulness for good health, good life and to request the granting of some certain wishes.

Day 1: On the first day, the devotees after bathing clean their house and eat the food that is offered to the god to protect the mind from the vengeful tendency.

Day 2: On the second day, the devotees are not allowed to drink even a single drop of water but, in the evening, they eat kheer made up of jaggery, fruits.

Day 3: The evening of the third day which is also known as sandhya ‘arghya’ day where a bamboo basket is decorated with various puja materials, fruits, thekuwa, and laddus which are offered as an ‘argya’ to the Sun. Also, the Chhathi Maiya is worshipped.

Day 4: On the last day of Chhath puja again an arghya is offered to the Sun God but this time in the morning. The devotees go to the riverbank to offer arghya to the rising sun and break their fast and conclude their four-day long worship.

Happy Chhath to everyone! Don’t forget to enjoy some thekuwas!!

World Keratoconus Day:

Every year on November 10, World Keratoconus Day is celebrated to focus global attention on keratoconus and ectatic corneal disorders. The day was first celebrated by National Keratoconus Foundation.

Keratoconus is a disease that causes the cornea to become weak, leading to the thinning and stretching of the cornea, which may result in the loss of vision. Keratoconus is degeneration of the structure of the cornea. The shape of the cornea slowly changes from the normal round shape to a cone shape which affects the vision. The keratoconus mainly develops in teenagers and young adults and the disease keeps on growing, if not diagnosed in time.  

The disease has no prevention and no treatment. With early diagnosis, the disease can be managed and further damage can be protected. In Nepal, the prevalence of Keratoconus is 1 in 2000 according to the recent journal. So, this world keratoconus day, make a commitment to visit an eye doctor once a year for the early diagnosis of keratoconus as well as other eye diseases.

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Knowledge & Infos

Best and Worst Bank in Nepal as per our survey



We had conducted an online survey to find out how banking services in Nepal are being used and perceived by their users. This article is entirely based on those responses. Thank you Muktinath Bikash Bank for supporting us in conducting this survey.  

Over the years, Banks have become an integral part of our daily life and economy. With the shift to digitalization and modernization of the economy, banks have definitely made life easier for people to manage their cash and transactions. With these shifts and increasing dependency on banks more than ever, the use of banking services and users’ banking experience is one of the topics with the minimal amount of research done. Out of curiosity, we conducted an online survey to find out how people have been feeling about the banking services provided by the respective banks.

About Respondents

Respondents were mostly urban educated youth with access to the internet, in the age bracket of 18-40, mostly being from 22-26 age group. The data was collected through social media users, primarily from page followers of KMAG. In total, we got 219 responses out of which 160 were males and 59 were females. 

In the list of questionnaires, one of the questions was “which is your favorite bank from Nepal as per your own experience,” and another being “which bank do you think is the worst.” Among 219, 27 respondents were undecided and 192 casted their votes for “best” and the “worst.” To build the conclusion on more strong foundation, we wanted to make sure respondents voice their opinion per their experience for which we had also asked them to reveal their primary bank.

Out of the total participants, a majority of 89.6% have multiple bank accounts though 19.5% of them just use one of those accounts. The remaining 10.4% claimed to have an only bank account. Out of all those banks, Nabil Bank is the primary bank for 36 participants (which was the highest no. of primary account holders in a particular bank). After Nabil, most of them were primary users of NIC Asia, Global IME, and Siddhartha Bank.

Nabil is voted as “Favorite Bank”

Nabil Bank seems to be the most favorite and popular among the respondents. With a total of 45 votes, it was voted the “most liked” bank. Among them, 29 were the primary account holders of the bank. Under “least liked,” it only got 4 votes.

To briefly talk about Nabil Bank, Nabil Bank is an ‘A’ class commercial bank which was founded in 1984 A.D. (2041 B.S.). It was established as Nepal’s first private sector bank incepted by multinational investors with the objective of providing modern, international-standard financial services. It was first established as Nepal Arab Bank Limited. In 1995, Dubai-government owned the majority of shares was bought by Binod Chaudhary.

NIC Asia is “least favourite”

With 76 votes for “worst bank,” NIC Asia seems like the “least liked” bank from Nepal as per the responses. Interestingly though, it has also been voted as “favorite bank” by 17 respondents.

After NIC Asia, Nepal Investment Bank seems like the second “least favorite” bank from Nepal with 23 votes against the bank.

On being asked the reason for disliking the bank, most of the participants seem to agree on the same point and that is “terrible” customer service of the bank. Similarly, other reasons were bad internet/mobile banking facilities, fraud-like business practices, and lack of important banking services/products being provided by the. Not to forget few were unhappy about the lack of branch/ATM services.

The detailed data are presented in the table below:

BanksPrimary AccountLikedDisliked
Nabil Bank36454
Global IME Bank251710
NIC Asia Bank291776
Siddhartha Bank16147
Sanima Bank13112
Laxmi Bank12101
Mega Bank10102
Standard Chartered Bank982
NMB Bank677
Bank of Kathmandu561
Machhapuchchhre Bank765
Himalayan Bank759
Sunrise Bank752
Muktinath Bikash Bank442
Century Commercial Bank330
Civil Bank433
Everest bank2310
Kamana Sewa Bikas Bank 131
Prabhu Bank Limited838
Rastriya Banijya Bank339
Agriculture Development Bank222
Citizens Bank 521
Kumari Bank321
Nepal Bangladesh Bank222
Nepal Bank325
Nepal Investment Bank15223
Garima Bikash Bank210
Nepal SBI Bank 2111
NCC Bank112
Prime Commercial Bank712
Manakamana Development Bank001
Shangri-la Development Bank100

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Knowledge & Infos

How to design a survey questionnaire

This article was originally designed for KMAG Online Writing Workshop and made available to public for knowledge-sharing purpose.




A survey is a list of questions aimed at extracting specific data from a particular group of people so that the surveyor can gain knowledge and insights into various topics of interest and then mostly generalize the result. How to design a survey questionnaire completely depends upon the purpose behind the survey. Depending on the purpose, questions are framed.

Let’s understand this way, surveyor seeks to know anything based on either of the following grounds:

  1. They don’t know anything, they are curious to find out, and they seek for answers. Example: I don’t know many people smoke and I want to find out by asking everyone out there.
  2. They think they know but they are not sure and they want to find out if what they think they know is actually true or false. Example: I think 50% of Nepalese do smoke but I am not sure yet and I want to validate my assumption by surveying.
  3. They strongly believe that what they know is the facts and now they want to interpret the world based on the “facts” they live by. Example: I strongly believe that smoking is bad and raising tax and making it expensive is the way to discourage people to smoke. I want to survey to find out how many Nepalese believe the same and agree with raising taxes and making it expensive would discouarge people to smoke.

Whatever grounds you are holding, you must frame your questionnaire according to that. So before working on the questionnaire ask yourself if you are trying to know the unknown or are you trying to validate or crosscheck what you think you know or you are trying to pass judgment or views based on your preset theory/hypothesis that your understanding is based upon.

This is how it goes:

You already have a theory and you want to analyze people based on the theory.

Let’s take for example “Job satisfaction Survey.” In this case, as per your theory/hypothesis, to be called “satisfied” one must be displaying so and so traits and views; if not, the person is not satisfied in his/her job. Based on that, you will be designing a questionnaire and see how many people meet the criteria to pass your judgment. If your theory says, highly satisfied people have flexible working hours, one of your questions will be something like “Can you come to your office at whatever time you want and can leave per your own wish as long as you are doing what you are paid for? Yes/No/Depends.” Likewise, there will be other questions set in a fashion to funnel your judgment regarding what percentage of people are satisfied with their job and work.

You have a theory or hypothesis that you want to validate or crosscheck

In this case, you have an assumption but you are not sure of and you want to crosscheck or validate by testing it on people. For example let’s say you think “Most arranged marriage people are unhappy,” and you want to validate your claim or crosscheck the truth in it by surveying among arranged marriage couples. Your questions will be something like “If you have to rate your marriage in terms of joy and happiness in it, how much will you rate on a 1 to 10 scale?” followed by questions like “if you have a time machine, would you go back right before the marriage and take your time to find out someone to have a love marriage? Yes/No/Maybe”

You don’t have any theory or hypothesis and you are only to find out unseen/unknown reality

In this case, you don’t have any preconceived thoughts or assumptions and you are plainly trying to learn or find out in an open-minded fashion.  Like for example, You don’t know how many educated youth from Nepal actually do smoke, nor you know why they smoke despite its negative effect and you are set out to find out the answer by surveying. In such surveys, your questions will be like “do you smoke? Yes/No. “If you smoke, how many cigarettes do you smoke per day?” “despite its negative effect, why do you still smoke?”etc.

Sometimes, you can have a mixed approach, wherein the topic of your interest that you are surveying on, part of it is something you strongly believe being fact, part of it is something you are unsure about, and part of it is something you don’t know a thing about and you are willing to learn.  Like for example, you strongly believe happy couples display so and so traits, and you think couples from love marriages are happier but you are not sure of, and you don’t know at all if personal happiness is valued more in marriage or responsibilities and social factors in the context of Nepal. So part of your questionnaires will be driven by your theory that you consider as being fact, part of it will be intended to cross-verify your assumption, and part of it will be purely seeking truth as it is without any deliberate attempt to frame your assumption.

Bottom line, you should know your ground, the purpose of surveying, what you intend to do afterward, based on which you should be working on your questionnaires.  Your questionnaires will be designed according to your intention, so there is no hard and fast rule but make sure, in the end, you gather all the relevant information so put together to build a conclusion and for that, you need to think about what all needs to be asked to fill up the blocks and connect the dots.

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