Being an active social media user, I had an opportunity to read 1000s of opinions of madhesi youths and sympathizers, numerous articles for and against Madhesh movement, and had an opportunity to witness 60 days of Madhes movements, as it unfolded. Though I lack understanding of ground reality, I can comfortably say, based on online samples, that I know now what Madhesh movement is all about and what Madhesi people want.
I clearly remember those initial days of Morcha movement. It was vague, it was ignored, and it lacked the mass and momentum. When two third of Nepal was focused onto New Constitution, one third was slowly gaining momentum. Then came Tikapur incident, which totally changed the course. It pressed nerves of Government, infused aggressiveness in authorities, and voice of “DO SOMETHING” form people, which unfortunately brought more deaths, more divisions. Everyone thought everything would be fine after promulgation of Constitution but it didn’t because by the time, the fire of division had already spread across the south belt that the historical day became the day of “we versus them.”
Then came Nakabandhi, then came new government, and here we are wondering “what Next?”
Before coming to “what Madhesi people want,” here is something I want everyone to remember this.
Unlike Limbuwan movement or janajati movement or Akhanda Sudurpakschim movement, which were not supported by all from their respective communities, Madhesh movement is favored by almost all madhesis people, home and abroad. I barely could hear any voice from Madhesi youths or intellects, criticizing Morcha and their tactics. Directly and indirectly every people of Madhesi by Indian origin supports the ongoing madhesh movement. Ever wondered why? it took me quite sometime to understand and now I think I know. It is because, they all strongly support the claim that “Madhesi people have been mistreated, have been considered non-nepalese, have been unassimilated from mainstream” and they strongly believe that this must have to stop and the movement is justifiable. Be it marwardi, be it Jha and Yadav, or be it any “Indian-looking,” he/she sure had felt or witnessed that exact “injustice and mistreatment” at some point in their life and thus they can relate and understand when madhesi people shouts for rights and equal treatments.
However, something terrible happened during the course. All those supporters and sympathizers while supporting ongoing Madhesh movement, they totally forgot that there is no one set of solution to end deeply embedded differences and the change won’t come overnight, rather comes institutionally, systematically and new constitution is promising in that regard. When they were adamantly standing by madhesi people, they just didn’t realize that Morcha could cash in the growing support and energy. Meanwhile government and political parties made a terrible mistake by not segregating Madhesi people’s voice from Morcha. This pushed madhesi people from gray zone to, either lean towards government or lean towards Morcha, and they chose the latter one. India’s support came as ice on cake.
Now here we are,
Nepalese by Indian origin + madhesi people + Morcha + monarchists + leftists + India versus mainstream political parties that got more haters than lovers + government famously known for incompetency + bureaucrats famously known for corruption + non-madhesi people who are opportunists, arrogant, ignorant + elites and privileged. Guess who is powerful and who has better chance of winning?
Remember, the law of nature. When conflict prolongs between two forces, each tries to gain mass by attracting small sub-forces around. Also, remember, humans are selfish by nature and thus they tend to take side of potential winner. This same humans and their groups will act as sub-force. Eventually conflicts end with one force giving up, as the winning force gains more mass and momentum. It’s not right or wrong anymore, winners decide what is best for the rest.
At the current status, I see Morcha winning provided Big3 political parties have no invisible force backing or their supporters and/or non-madhesi people standing by them and fight against another side of Force. Let’s leave that up to the time and come to the main question.
What madhesi people want?
I have a simple answer now. They want a country-like state within the country, like Gujrat for Gujrati, Maharastra for Marathi, Madhesh pradesh for Madhesi. Whether they are doctors or engineers or researchers from Harvard or lawyers, or farmers from Saptari, they all are dreaming for a piece of land in Nepal, that they can call “MY PLACE.” The sentiment is so strong now that they are ready to die for. They are not asking for separation from Nepal nor they want that. They just want their state, a place in Nepal which they can call “MY PLACE.” I beg to differ here that Madhesi people are ignorant, or misguided and does not know what’s their in constitution and thus are just protesting like a sheep. Maybe few are, but the ruling class like Madhesi intellects and youths and their leaders, they clearly know that new constitution has tried its best to treat all equally. But, they don’t want to admit that until a state is given to them. They are not just ready to listen anything until state of a size that they dream for. Instead act fool, pretend to be deaf and dumb, but do not leave the demand “Madhesh pradesh.”
Now question comes, didn’t they get a state that looks very much like Madhesh state? Answer is yes, they got, but there is a catch. A piece of land is not enough if it is not resourceful. For a sustainable state, the state needs to be resourceful and with the existing demarcation, the proposed State 2 isn’t that resourceful, and thus no point accepting that tiny couple-of-districts-merged state. This is why they are asking for Jhapa and Morang ,which got Koshi river and more fertile and plain lands to feel resourceful.
The reason they don’t want any Hilly part in Madesh Pradesh is because they want to make the state look very much like state of Madhesi people. Today after watching the Tough Talk with Mahanta Thakur, I am very convinced that long term vision of madhesi leaders and their people, is all about having a state that represent them and their culture and visions — “hilly people can go to hill if they won’t like it.”
In short, madhesi people have woken up after decades of mistreatment and injustice. With the help of same system, though they have become doctors and engineers and lawyers and researchers, they haven’t forgotten all kinds of insults and misbehaves that they witnessed or faced while growing up. Now as everything is in their favor, they just don’t want to buy candy talks of non-madhesi like “Nepal and Neaplese first.” They want to be madhes and madhesi first Period. I repeat, they are not asking separate country. They just want a country-like state within the country Nepal.
It’s not Morcha that they are supporting. They are just riding on them to cash in state for them that they can call “My Place.”
To get the exact aspiration, let me put it this way.
Many of us were desperate for New Constitution, not because it was best, but because we just believed that once that get promulgated, rest we would take care from there. We didn’t even know what’s there in constitution still we celebrated, because we just wanted that FREAKING CONSTITUTION to come that was stopping us from moving forward. That’s why we supported political parties, we stood by them, we fought with those against constitution, not because we like them or support them.
This is exactly the aspiration of madhesi people right now on road. They just want that FREAKING RESOURCEFUL STATE. Just like constitution supporters, they think once it happens, they will build their state as would please, as they dream. They all just dream for that one resourceful Madhes Pradesh that they can live in, that they can sustain in, that they can breathe in, and proudly tell everyone, “THAT’S MY PLACE.”
That’s what Madhes people want. I am not talking about Morcha and their activists. I am talking about all those common madhesi people, all those madhesi youths and intellects, those farmers and shopkeepers. All of them want one thing, that is same status that of non-madhesi and most of them think, only way to get that status is having your own resourceful state. This spirit now is so deep into their veins that God only knows when will it end.
I wish they understand, that this feeling of “MY PLACE” will bring nothing good, but more division, more hatred, more conflicts across the country that they too eventually have to pay for, but they are high in revolution, emotionally charged, and hyperoptimistic and my words of wisdom won’t hit their ears.
I have no option but to watch and wait, stay safe, stay smart. Everything happens for good, let’s see what good is waiting for us.
You can Join discussion here
What’s Special Today: November 10
Historically native to the Indian states of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand and the southern part of Nepal, Chhath is one of those festivals that transcends the caste system that exists in the society. According to the Hindu calendar, it is celebrated on the sixth day of the lunar month of Kartik. The Chhath Puja is a 4-day long ritual specially offered to the solar deity, Surya, to show thankfulness for good health, good life and to request the granting of some certain wishes.
Day 1: On the first day, the devotees after bathing clean their house and eat the food that is offered to the god to protect the mind from the vengeful tendency.
Day 2: On the second day, the devotees are not allowed to drink even a single drop of water but, in the evening, they eat kheer made up of jaggery, fruits.
Day 3: The evening of the third day which is also known as sandhya ‘arghya’ day where a bamboo basket is decorated with various puja materials, fruits, thekuwa, and laddus which are offered as an ‘argya’ to the Sun. Also, the Chhathi Maiya is worshipped.
Day 4: On the last day of Chhath puja again an arghya is offered to the Sun God but this time in the morning. The devotees go to the riverbank to offer arghya to the rising sun and break their fast and conclude their four-day long worship.
Happy Chhath to everyone! Don’t forget to enjoy some thekuwas!!
World Keratoconus Day:
Every year on November 10, World Keratoconus Day is celebrated to focus global attention on keratoconus and ectatic corneal disorders. The day was first celebrated by National Keratoconus Foundation.
Keratoconus is a disease that causes the cornea to become weak, leading to the thinning and stretching of the cornea, which may result in the loss of vision. Keratoconus is degeneration of the structure of the cornea. The shape of the cornea slowly changes from the normal round shape to a cone shape which affects the vision. The keratoconus mainly develops in teenagers and young adults and the disease keeps on growing, if not diagnosed in time.
The disease has no prevention and no treatment. With early diagnosis, the disease can be managed and further damage can be protected. In Nepal, the prevalence of Keratoconus is 1 in 2000 according to the recent journal. So, this world keratoconus day, make a commitment to visit an eye doctor once a year for the early diagnosis of keratoconus as well as other eye diseases.
KMAG Online Writing Workshop reading materials
Covers communication and types of writing. Please check the following articles.
Also, check out: How miscommunication happens (and how to avoid it)
Covers content management system/WordPress, and how to introduce yourself. Please check the following articles.
Covers the basics of expository writing and CV writing.
Covers persuasive writing.Please check the following articles.
Covers how to write research-based opinion writing.
Personal journal writing (my diary)
Figure of speech and rhetoric.
How to frame questions.
Types of Figure of Speech with examples (Part 1)
Accumulation is a figure of speech, in which the points made previously are presented again in a compact, forceful manner. It often employs the use of climax in the summation of a speech.
- We learned communication, we learned types of writing, we learned rhetoric, we learned figure of speech. In all this, we made new friends, we spent hours together.
- He founded Nepal; fought for unification, fought for diversity. Leaving wife and child home, he set to occupy the land of people, land of flowers and trees. And he built a country that we call Nepal.
- Your organization, your vigilance, your devotion to duty, your zeal for the cause must be raised to the highest intensity.” Winston Churchill, Speech, 14 July 1941. (This sentence comes after a lengthy passage in which Churchill warns the public that their courage and effort are still needed to defeat the enemy).
A figure of speech that refers to the repetition of words with the same root word.
- I will be somewhere, someday, settled with somebody in some place.
- I am nobody, reaching no where in this no man’s land.
- In the vastness of universe, I am vastly clueless.
A literary stylistic device, where a series of words in a row have the same first consonant sound.
- Nepalese never nag about Nepal not nationalising.
- Looks like lion likes licking lizard.
- Come count my comb.
A figure of speech in the form of hyperbole taken to such extreme lengths as to insinuate a complete impossibility.
- I will meet you when sun rises from west.
- Before I finish the work, I will grow a horn.
- Stone will talk but she won’t.
Derives from the Greek word anakolouthon, literally means “lacking sequence”, is a figure of speech which consists in the abrupt disruption in syntax. Opens in new window resulting from two non-parallel grammatical constructions.
- I am hungry – have you never played football?
- I miss the burgher at – did you see my daughter?
- Never in my life – what’s in your mind?
The repetition of the last word of a preceding clause. The word is used at the end of a sentence and then used again at the beginning of the next sentence..
- It’s midnight. Midnight with stars. Stars with the moon. Moon looking at my window. Window hiding me.
- “Fear leads to anger. Anger leads to hate. Hate leads to suffering.”
- “Your beliefs become your thoughts, your thoughts become your words, your words become your actions, your actions become your habits, your habits become your values, your values become your destiny.”
A rhetorical device that consists of repeating a sequence of words at the beginnings of neighboring clauses, thereby lending them emphasis.
- When you felt like giving up, when you felt like crying, when you felt like hitting the wall, just do it.
- It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way
- “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.’ I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state, sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today.
A figure of speech in which the normal word order of the subject, the verb, and the object is changed.
- Instead of I like Nepal, “Nepal I like.”
- World I want to change.
- I, her will keep loving till the end
It is when a specific point, expectations are raised, everything is built-up and then suddenly something boring or disappointing happens.
- He killed the king, freed the people, and took the sword and killed himself.
- People, pets, batteries, … all are dead.
- He loved her so much …he killed her.
is the usage of a word in a new grammatical form, most often the usage of a noun as a verb.
- Can you please google to find out the meaning of “anthimeria”? (google is actually noun)
- The thunder would not peace at my bidding.
- Let’s do some eating. (verb being used as noun)
the repetition of words in successive clauses, but in transposed order.
- Eat to live, not live to eat
- All crime is vulgar, just as all vulgarity is crime.
- Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.
The repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive phrases, clauses or sentences.
- There is no Negro problem. There is no Southern problem. There is no Northern problem. There is only an American problem.
- When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things.
- Nepal is beautiful. Nepalese are beautiful. Her style is beautiful. Her heart is beautiful.
is used in writing or speech either as a proposition that contrasts with or reverses some previously mentioned proposition, or when two opposites are introduced together for contrasting effect.
- I am rich man who longs for a poverty.
- When in war, we long for peace; when in peace, we long for war.
- Let’s play with the fire to feel the rain.
It often appears in the form of a rhetorical question which is meant to imply a difference between the present thing being discussed and the general notion of the subject. Statement that calls into question the definition of a word.
- You eat meat and you call yourself animal lover?.
- How can you call this country a peaceful country when everywhere is chaos?.
- How am I even a writer with this kind of writing?
A figure of speech wherein a sentence is deliberately broken off and left unfinished, the ending to be supplied by the imagination, giving an impression of unwillingness or inability to continue.
- Please leave my home or else – !.
- I want to go home now. If not.
- And she left with. I don’t even want to share.
Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side and so one element identifies the other in a different way.
- Nepal, my home, is where I want to die.
- My brother, Mr. Suresh, is joining me.
- Mr. Oli, a famous politician, is giving a speech.
Repetition of vowel sounds
- Reave, please leave.
- Hire and fire.
- Write so bright that it will frighten right.
ASTEISMUS (not needed but know it anyway)
he rhetorical term for achieving polite or soft mockery whereby the replier catches a sensitive word and redirects it back to the interlocutor with an unexpected twist. Example:
- Judge: You’re charged with vagrancy. Are you guilty or not guilty?
Ollie: Not guilty, Your Highness.
Judge: On what grounds?
Stan: We weren’t on the grounds. We were sleeping on the park bench.
A literary scheme in which one or several conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of related clauses.
- He ran, he climbed, he conquered .
- I wanted to participate, i made it.
- Government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.
Co-reference of one expression with another expression which follows it, in which the latter defines the first.
- If you want to eat something, there is pizza in the freeze.
- If you want her, she is Ms. Lisa.
- He is an idiot. He is a douche. He is lazy. He is my friend, Nishant.
a figure of speech in which words, phrases, or clauses are arranged in order of increasing importance. Or say, a figure of speech in which successive words, phrases, clauses, or sentences are arranged in ascending order of importance, as in “Look! Up in the sky! It’s a bird! It’s a plane! It’s Superman!”
- When there is job, when there is peace, and when there is love, happiness occurs.
- We want freedom, liberty and democracy.
- Men and women are equal, but above, it’s the responsibility.